Chapter 1 Vocabulary Notes
Context The personalities, cultural backgrounds, and situational factors involved in
Psychology The scientific study of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Empirical Evidence Based on data that has been collecte
Chapter 2 Vocabulary Notes
Self The sum total of who and what you are, both consciously and unconsciously.
Self-concept The relatively stable set of perceptions you have about yourself.
Self-verification The human tendency to seek out and retain informati
Chapter 7 Vocabulary Notes
Social Identity Theory The idea that, in our efforts to maintain positive self-esteem, we
may develop bias that favors our own groups over other groups.
Ingroup Bias Favoring others with whom we identify over those whom we perce
Chapter 3 Vocabulary Notes
Personality The unique patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in an individual
that is consistent over time and across situations.
Psychoanalytic Theory The theory which suggests that our personality is shaped by an
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Notes
Stanford Prison Experiment A classic study of social influence on behavior and
Conformity A voluntary change in a belief or behavior with the intent to follow a
perceived social norm.
Normative Social Influence When
Chapter 5 Vocabulary Notes
Primacy Effect People pay more attention to initial information they receive about a
person or situation than they do to later information.
False Consensus Bias Our mistaken assumption that others see things the same way
Chapter 4 Vocabulary Notes
Activating Event Event that is meaningful to the person experiencing it.
Cognitive Appraisal Interpretation of an event in the context of our individual belief
system, expectations, needs, and past experiences.