Course Outline- Biology 107 Spring 2010
Chapter 1-An Overview of Nutrition (pages 2-35)
Chapter 2 Planning a Healthy Diet (pages 36-69)
Chapter 3 Digestion, Absorption, and Transport (pages 70
Harold Washington College introductory nutrition class
BIOLOGY 107 3 credit hours
Nutrition Consumer Education
Science of food as it relates to health, including food composition and utilization, food preparation and preservation,
nutrition, special diets
Unit 5 Assignment
Directions: Complete the following short answer questions and multiple choice
questions in the Word document. Please include the questions. To select the answer
choice for the multiple choice questions, please type the answer choice lett
Chapter 1- An Overview of Nutrition
1. What is a nutrient? Briefly describe the six classes of nutrients found in foods.
A nutrient is essential to our health. We obtain nutrient from food. They are responsible for
chemical and metabolic functions that re
Unit 4 Assignment
Chapter 8 Energy Balance and Body Composition
1. What are the consequences of an unbalanced energy budget?
For every 3500 kcalories consumed in excess of your recommended daily value you will
gain 1 pound of body fat. Vice versa, 1 pound
Unit 2 Assignment
Chapter 4 The Carbohydrates: Sugars, Starches, and Fibers
1. Briefly describe simple and complex carbohydrates. Which carbohydrates are
described as simple and which are complex?
Glucose, fructose, galactose, maltose, sucrose and lactose
Unit 3 Assignment
Chapter 6 Protein: Amino Acids
1. Describe the structure of amino acids, and explain how their sequence in proteins
affects the proteins shapes.
The polypeptide chain will fold and coil depending upon whether the side group of each
Nutrition & Metabolism
Some of the guidelines to living a healthy life are seeing your doctor on a regular basis,
maintaining a healthy weight, exercise regularly, and eating a healthy diet. BMI is used to
determine a healthy weight. A normal BMI
The urinary system is one of the ways our body gets rid of waste. It consists of two
kidneys, two ureters, one bladder and one urethra. The excretory system helps eliminate waste,
regulate blood ion composition, and regulate blood p
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Intracellular fluids are 2/3rds of fluids in the cell while extracellular fluids are all the rest
of the body fluids. Infants fluid body mass is 75% (decreases up to the age of two), males is
60% and femal
When food is taken in through the mouth, it enters the blood stream and is sent to all
parts of living body. The digestive system begins at the mouth, run s through the alimentary
canal, ends at the rectum and anus where the digested and undigeste
The Reproductive System: Part A
Primary sex organs (gonads) - testes and ovaries
Produce gametes (sex cells ) sperm & ova
Secrete steroid sex hormones
Estrogens and progesterone (females)
The Digestive System: Part A
Two groups of organs
1. Alimentary canal (gastrointestinal or GI tract)
Mouth to anus
Digests food and absorbs fragments
Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine
1. What are the three components of upper respiratory system?
2. What are the four components of lower respiratory system?
3. How many lobes are on the right lung? Left lung?
4. Which lung has cardiac notch?
5. What is the direction of the apex of lung?
1. What are the six steps in the flow of blood through the heart?
2. What are the defining characteristics of Monocytes?
3. What are the two components of blood?
4. Which type of Anemia is characterized by excessive loss of RBCs through bleeding?
The Aorta and Its Branches
1. Ascending Aorta
a. Right Coronary Artery- supplies the heart
i. Posterior Interventricular Branch- supplies both ventricles
ii. Marginal Branch- supplies right ventricle
b. Left Coronary Artery- supplies the heart
1. What are the 6 organs of the GI Tract?
2. What are the 6 accessory digestive organs?
3. What are the 6 functions of the digestive system?
4. What are the four layers of the GI tract from deep to superficial?
5. What are the three components of the muco
-Between peritoneum and
posterior wall of abdomen
-Between the levels of the last
thoracic and third lumbar
-In the L & R Lumbar Regions
-R kidney slightly lower because
the liver is also on R side
NUTRITION FINAL REVIEW
Insulin Resistant= start of diabetes
Obesity triples your risk of diabetes
2ND LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH
Obesity (due to increased estrogen levels)
Test It Chapter 5
1. The three classes of lipids are triglycerides, phospholipids, and sterols. Fat provides the
majority of the energy needed to perform the bodys muscular work. Fat is also the
bodys chief storage form for the energy from foo
Nutrition Self Check 1
1. It is NOT true that both heart disease and cancer are due to genetic causes and diet cannot
influence whether they occur.
2. Some conditions, such as iron-deficiency anemia, are almost entirely nutrition related.
Nutrition Self Quiz Ch. 2
1. The following recommendations appear in the Dietary Guidelines for Americans:
a. Balance calories to manage a health body weight.
b. Increase intakes of certain nutrient-dense foods.
c. Reduce intakes of certain fo
Fed Up Summary
The number of overweight children has gone from 1 in 20 to 1 in 5. Today, more
people dying from obesity than from starvation for first time ever. With all of low-fat and
sugar-free or diet options in todays grocery
Test It Chapter 4
1. A condensation reaction can bond two monosaccharaides together to form a disaccharide
and water. A hydrolysis reaction can use water to split a disaccharide into its two
2. Both starch and glycogen are sto