1)Bones perform man useful functions in the human body. Which of the following is NOT a function (b)
produce of growth hormone
2)Bones continue to lengthen throughout childhood and adolescence because (b) a growth plate is
present in each epiphysis
Thr- amas rd "'I ham! wh mam
tuygnn am unalm with an 3'
Color than in: RED.
FROM LPPEF! BODY
"16 areas a mo MI Wh 18$
m0 810 ml WI! 0 "U.
0010? "1060 moan BLUE.
K) mum m
Chapter 5 The Skeletal System
1.) Which bone does not belong in this list?
2.) Which of the following is a short bone?
3.) A person riding a bike has an accident and breaks a cheek bone. What is the proper name for this bone?
Biology 100 VOCABULARY #1 (Johnson, 8th ed)
Chemistry (Ch. 2)
chemistry = matter + energy
element & element (atomic) symbol
99% body weight: O, C, H, N, Ca & P
proton (positive charge)
neutron (electrically neutral)
Chapter 1 - Human Biology, Science, and Society
The Characteristics of Life
How are living things different from nonliving things?
Require energy and raw materials
Are composed of matter
Respond to their external environ
Chapter 2 - The Chemistry of Living Things
All Matter Consists of Elements Made of Atoms
Atoms, the smallest functional unit consist of
Protons: positive charge, have mass
Neutrons: no charge, have mass
Electrons: negative charge, have no d
1) Stem cells in red bone marrow give rise to red and white cells.
2) Ligaments attach bone to bone.
3) The end of a long bone is known as the epiphysis.
4) Hylaine cartilage (2 words) forms the embryonic structures that later become bone.
5) Trabeculae a
1) The four organic molecules found in all living systems are carbohydrates, nucleic acids, lipids, and proteins.
2) The chemical and physical processes that are involved in energy and molecular transformations in living organisms are collectively
Chapter 15 - The Urinary System
Urinary System Contribution to Homeostasis
Regulates body water levels
Excess water taken in is excreted
Output varies from 2-1/2 liter/day to 1liter/hour
Regulates nitrogenous and other solute waste
Nitrogen from amin
Chapter 14 - The Digestive System and Nutrition
Gastrointestinal (GI) Tract Layers
Nutrients pass through
Mucous membrane layer
Lines the digestive tract
Connective tissue layer
Contains blood vessels and lymph ves
Chapter 6 - The Muscular System
Contraction: shorten distance between bones
Skeletal muscle moves bone
Synergistic: groups work together
Antagonistic: groups oppose each other
Chapter 5 - The Skeletal System Started 9/14/15 Finished 9/14/15
Skeletal System: Made of Connective Tissue
Bone: hard inorganic matrix of calcium salts
Compact: forms shaft and ends, contains marrow space
Cells: osteoblast, osteocy
Chapter 3 - Structure and Function of Cells
Cells Are Classified by Internal Organization
Why is small cell size is efficient?
Structural Features of the Plasma Membrane
Understand why experimental/observational controls are essential in science and how to
determine a control for a particular study. Specifically,
Be able to state what difference the controls make to the interpretation of
Be able to explain (cause-&-effect) how uncertainty derives from inductive logic.
Understand the power and limitations of inductive logic, including argument by analogy.
Be able to recognize argument by analogy and
Levels of organization
Explain (cause-&-effect) why new properties of a system emerge at higher levels of
organization, and/or explain how this increases uncertainty when we draw conclusions
about higher-level systems based on studies of lower levels.
Geology and geography
Be able to read a map to extract information such as the form of an island (high island?
atoll? lagoon? etc.) and (if applicable) its stage in atoll formation; the positions of
tectonic plates, the regions of wet and dry climate, and
SLOs: Island populations and communities
Be able to:
Draw and label the basic S-curve of population growth, and use it to predict outcomes of
new species introductions to islands.
Explain what is meant by a demographic transition and wha
SLOs: Ecosystems and biomes
Understand food web diagrams and the classification of organisms into trophic levels;
Be able to trace carbon and energy through a food web.
Be able to recognize a trophic level from its inputs and outputs.
El Nio / Southern Oscillation
Be able to
label (recognize parts of) a diagram that shows the processes of El Nio.
summarize the current scientific model of the cause-effect sequence in El Nio,
starting from what oscillates (and where) to explain either
Habitats & Zonation
Be able to infer, from graphical or textual information about habitats (conditions) and
species tolerances (criteria), whether a given place is a suitable habitat for that species.
Be able to interpret a graph of an environmental gradi