helped by the colony's policy of returning sick detainees to
receive treatment in the reserves, though the reserves' medical
services were virtually non-existent, as Baring himself noted after
a tour of some villages in June 1956.
) in Honolulu, Hawaii; he is the first President to have been
born in Hawaii. His mother, Ann Dunham, born inWichita,
Kansas, was of
a half years, supplemented by English-language Calvert
School homeschooling by his mother.
2. Jump up^ Nakaso,
(2011), pp. 125127.
3. Jump up^
4. resided in a basement apartment while
attending Harvard Law School."
5. ^ Jump up to:a b Michael Levenson;
Jonathan Saltzman (January 28,
2007). "At Harvard Law, a unifying
voice". Boston Globe. p
1. Jump up^
Elkins, Caroline (2005). Imperial Reckoning:
The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in
Kenya. New York, NY: Henry Holt and
Company. ISBN 978-0-805-07653-0. US
(2005). Britain's Gulag: The Brutal End
of Empire in Kenya. London: Jonathan
her or him to be
means "Land of the Free" in Latin. It is bordered by Sierra
Leone to its west,Guinea to its north and Ivory Coast to its east. It
covers an area of 111,369 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi) and
has a population of 4,503,000 people. E
1. Jump up^ Sykes, Hugh (August 19,
2010). "Last US combat brigade exits
Iraq". BBC News. Retrieved December
2. Jump up^ MacAskill, Ewen (September
1, 2010). "Barack Obama ends the war in
Iraq. 'Now it's time to turn the page'". The
led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change,
brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, and normalized U.S. relations
1Early life and career
o 1.1Community organizer and Harvard Law
o 1.2Chicago Law School and civil
2. Accounts Table. Bureau of Economic
Analysis. Archived from the original on
May 12, 2011. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
3. Jump up^ Harding, Robin (July 28,
2010). "Beige Book survey reports signs
of slowdown".Financial Times. Archived
3. Jump up^ Scherer, Steve (September
12, 2007). "Rome Mayor's Leadership Bid
May Lead to Early Italian Elections".
Bloomberg. Archived from the original on
May 29, 2010. RetrievedMay 21, 2011.
4. Jump up^ Pedder, Sophie (February 20,
1. , Jonathan D. (June 19, 2008). "Obama
Won't Accept Public Money in Election
Campaign". New York: Bloomberg.
Retrieved June 19, 2008.[dead link]
2. Jump up^ "Commission on Presidential
Debates Announces Sites, Dates,
Formats and Candidate Selection Crit
of the United States to
was a fan of the Pittsburgh Steelers, and rooted for them ahead of
their victory in Super Bowl XLIII 12 days after he took office as
President. In 2011, Obama invited the 1985 Chicago Bears to
the White House; th
In the past, both of Liberia's neighbors, Guinea and Sierra Leone,
have accused Liberia of backing rebels inside their countries.
Further information: Law enforcement in Liberia
The Liberian National Police are the national polic
2. (July 2013). "Election Results for the U.S.
President, the U.S. Senate and the U.S.
Representatives" (PDF). Federal
Elections Commission. p. 5.
RetrievedAugust 20, 2013.
3. Jump up^ Brownstein, Ronald
(November 9, 2012). "The U.S. has
. ISBN 978-0-821-40940-4.
John (2000). KAU's Cultures: Imaginations of
Community and Constructions of
Leadership in Kenya after the Second
World War. Journal of African Cultural
Studies. 13. pp. 107
124. doi:10.1080/713674307. JSTOR 177
1. Jump up^ McCormack, John (December
21, 2007). "Google Government Gone
Viral". Weekly Standard. Archived from
the original on April 23, 2008.
Retrieved April 27, 2008. See
also:"President Bush Signs Coburn
Obama Transparency Act". Tom Coburn
Kru, Gola and Kissi were
Africans in the bush often developed as violent confrontations.
The colonial settlements were raided by the Kru and Grebofrom
their inland chiefdoms. Because of feeling set apart and superior
by their culture and education to the
Mau attacks on civilians made it easy for the movement's
opponentsincluding native Kenyan and loyalist security forces
to adopt a totally dehumanised view of Mau Mau adherents.
A variety of persuasive techniques were initiated by the colonial
Making of Kenya's Postcolonial Elite.
Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin
Press. ISBN 978-0-299-28784-9.
Swainson, Nicola (1980). The Development of
Corporate Capitalism in Kenya, 191877.
Berkeley & Los Angeles, CA: University of
California Press. ISBN 9
1. Jump up^
2. Jump up^ McVeigh, Karen (December 6,
2011). "Gay rights must be criterion for
US aid allocations, instructs Obama". The
Guardian. London. Retrieved January
3. Jump up^ Parsons, Christi (August 7,
2013). "Obama criticizes Russia's n
2. Jump up^ "Official offers details of bin
Laden raid". Newsday. May 2, 2011.
RetrievedSeptember 13, 2014.
3. Jump up^ Schabner, Dean; Karen
Travers (May 1, 2011). "Osama bin
Laden Killed by U.S. Forces in Pakistan".
ABC News. Archived from the origin
Maraniss (2012), pp. 160163.
2. Jump up^ Scott (2011), pp. 8793.
Jacobs (2011), pp. 115118, 125127,
Maraniss (2012), pp. 170183, 188
3. Jump up^ Scott (2011), pp. 142144.
Jacobs (2011), pp. 161177, 227230.
Maraniss (2012), pp. 190194, 20
/independence heroes/heroines who sacrificed their lives in order
to free Kenyans from colonial rule. Since 2010, Mashujaa Day
(Heroes Day) has been marked annually on 20 October (the
same day Baring signed the Emergency order). According to
native Kenyan convicts. The
Between 1952 and 1956, when the fighting was at its worst, the
Kikuyu districts of Kenya became a police state in the very fullest
sense of that term.
Philip Mitchell retired as Kenya's governor in summer 1952
mostly English ancestry. His father, Barack Obama Sr., was
a Luo from Nyang'oma Kogelo, Kenya. Obama's parents met in
1960 in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii at
Manoa, where his father was a foreign student on scholarship.
2. Jump up^ Alam 2007, p. 2.
3. Jump up^ Brantley 1981.
4. Jump up^ Atieno-Odhiambo 1995, p. 25.
5. Jump up^ Ogot 2003, p. 15.
6. Jump up^ Nissimi 2006, p. 10.
7. ^ Jump up to:a b Coray 1978, p. 179: "The
[colonial] administration's refusal to
1. . Louisiana State University.
2. Jump up^ Maggie Montesinos Sale
(1997). The Slumbering Volcano:
American Slave Ship
3. 1, 2007). "The Invisible Protectorate: The
United States, Liberia, and the Evolution
of Neocolonialism, 1909
40" (PDF). Diplomatic H
Lieutenant General Sir George Erskine, Commander-in-Chief,
British East Africa (centre), observing operations against the Mau
The onset of the Emergency led hundreds, and eventually
thousands, of Mau Mau adherents to flee to the forests, where a