1. Archaeology contributes significantly to anthropological understanding by studying
long term temporal processes across large areas.
2. Conservation and cataloging of artifacts are important but time consuming steps that
archaeologists must complete, so
1. How deep time was discovered, and why the concept is important.
Ancient axe heads in graves of Somme River
Boucher de Perthes also found bones of long extinct mammals.
Discovery of deep time = recognition that life more ancien
- Dating archaeological sites
- How archaeologist get a grasp on time
- Dating techniques which allow us to date organic material (rocks, dirt)
- Dates in & of themselves mean nothing.
- Validity of associatio
Reconstruction of tools can give us insight to how they are used (methods)
He carved 3-D and the carver did 2-D
Quivel finely decorated w/leather strap
o Stone age design
o Useful, an archer who has to move a lot on a terrain knows th
1. The reconstruction of past environments and diets are aided by the study of plant and animal remains.
Without environmental contexts dietary reconstructions are limited in utility.
2. The study of a
1. Archaeologists must follow the principle of uniformitarianism from geology in order to
understand the facts of archaeology by studying ongoing processes and their material remains.
2. The use of analogy is one way to reconstruct the past. Its utility i
1. Relative dating in archaeology includes methods such as stratigraphic position, seriation, correlation
of time markers and index fossils.
2. Absolute dating includes methods such as dendrochronology, radiocarbon, accelerator mass