A constitution is a binding contract between a
government and its citizens that reflects the
influence of the time and place in which it was
State constitutions tend to differ from the U.S.
Local Government Study Questions
1. Distinguish between general law and home rule cities.
General law: those with less than 5000 residents and they are limited to providing basic
services, such as sewer and water. They do not have the power to pass ordina
Texas Government and Politics
One of the paradoxes of political participation is the low turnout in city and county
elections compared to the much higher turnout in presidential elections. The reason
this is considered a
1. Explain how the ideological tendencies that are associated with the
political culture of Texas are reflected in both the Democratic and
Republican parties in Texas.
Today, the Republican Party controls most of Texass public
offices. Despite their curre
Test 2 Review
o Lobbying to try to influence government policy through face-to-face contact.
o Revolving door a name given by political scientists to the process in which government regulatory
agencies hire their personnel from within
Professor Deborah Hoag
Government 2305: United States Government
1 May 2015
The Role of Media in Politics
Decades ago, we found it fairly hard and take quite a long time for the people to get the
information from our government. As time passes
United States Government
GOVT 2305 (46731-004)
Online Distance Learning, Spring 2016
Professor Wajma Nasher
January 19, 2016 May 15, 2016
Whom do we elect?
- 1. professionals (white collar workers)
- Why-most Americans are blue collar workers?
- Issues that get on Congressional Agenda - a set of all issues to be considered.
Factors that play a part in the agenda setting.
- Critical election - election that produces shard change in the existing pattern of party loyalties among groups of voters.
- Ex. 1860 Republican North and the South Democrats. 1932 "Roosevelt Coalition".
- American Two Party System -
- Minor part
Delegation of powers - process by which Congress gives the executive branch the additional authority needed to address new problems.
President's Power to Persuade - ability to bargain, dealing with adversaries, choosing priorities.
of all levels grew enormously
1. Increasing complexity of society
2. Public's attitude toward business has changed. When the demand of a big government happens agencies are then created.
3. Regulate industries
4. Social welfar
Libertarian Party Platform:
Immigration - Libertarians hold that a border secure from invasion is essential to American freedom. However, we also hold that securing our border will be
very difficult unless American immigration laws are reformed to remove
Republican Party Platform:
Immigration - DOMESTIC
Texas Sovereignty Our individual freedom and the independent sovereign authority of our State government have been
obliterated by Federal statutes enacted by Congress and enforced by the Chief Executive an
Quote: "Liberty is not a means to a higher political end it is itself the highest political end." - Lord Acton
Freethehikers.com: About the Hikers that got caught in Iran.
Job of: The Secretary of St
- 1944 Supreme Crt. in Smith v. Allwright said keeping blacks away in primary elections were unconst.
- 1965 Voting Rights Act - ended discriminatory voting tests.
- 1966 poll taxes were unconst. in Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections.
"Whenever you find that are on the side of the majority it's time to reform" - Mark Twain
Chapter 2 The Constitution
- I. Roots of the Constitution - The Structure of our national government was established.
_ A. Freedom in Colonial America
- Why did they
4. Interest Groups- offer consituents a way to influence congress. They represent vocational, ideologiccal, regional, etc.
- Dilemma of representation? Should our reps be trustee or a delegate?
- Trustee - rep. who is obligated to consider
"If tyranny and oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy." - James Madison
Chapter 2 The Constitution Cont.
- New Jersey Plan - Single Chamber, states have equal representation, executive be elected by the leg., ju
"Concentrated power has always been the enemy of liberty." - Ronald Reagan
- Essays - Study all three essays and on test day I will pick one essay for you to answer.
- 1. Do you believe the United States should enforce our structure of govern
Public Opnion, Political Socialization, and the Media - Ch. 4
- I. Public Opinion and the Models of Democracy. Public Opinion - collective attitudes of the citizens on a given issue or question.
- II. Political Socializ
In a time of deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act. - George Orwell
- Ideologies - Values and beliefs that form government policies.
- 1. Totalitarianism - Government has unlimited power.
- 2. Socialism - Economic based concept, control
Precidents and making decisions
- Precedent - decision becomes a basis for deciding similar cases in the same way.
- Supreme Court - makes national policy!
- Access to the court - they come in 2 ways
1) Original jurisdiction
Immigration - The Texas Democratic Party recognizes that we are a nation of immigrants. Here in Texas, we honor those immigrants, their children and their grandchildren, who fought and died to protect our freedom and earn the blessin
"Government always finds a need for whatever money it gets." - Ronald Regan
- Dynamics of Federalism - Shift to balance of power changes throughout time. The national government powers have increased by times of crisis where the lo
Ch. 8 Congress
- Job is to makes laws
- Origin and Powers of Congress
- Great Compromise - Congress has 2 chambers House of Reps. and Senate.
- 435 members in House. (Virginia Plan House of Reps.) each state gets proportional to population.
- 100 Senator
Chapter 11 Courts
Writ of Mandamus - Another branch of government can tell another branch to do something. For example the Supreme Court can tell the executive branch they have to do this.
- National Judicial Supremacy - If a law conflicts with congress,
Powder Burns - Book to read.
- National Party Organization: National Convention - nominating a candidate for president.
- National committee - Governs each party between conventions. Positions are appointed and elected.
- Party conference
"An empty stomach is not a good political adriser." Albert Einstein
- Covering national politics - relationship with president is now through the Office of the Press Secretary.
- Gate Keepers - media executives, news e
"I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy." - John Adams
Homeland security is more important than our civil liberties - Against It.
Min Ji Chu
Legislature Assignment 9/29
Write a bill that proposes a new policy or a change to existing policy in
HB 2246, May 27 2015, has become a law by Greg Abbott who
supports MADD. He says that Requiring drunk drivers to ins