Building blocks of thoughts
Extra Credit #2
Due in class on Friday, 10-10-14
Please type and proofread your answers.
1. Why do psychologists describe our perceptions of the physical world as highly
subjective rather than an exact copy of reality? Provide a
JOURNAL OF SEX RESEARCH, 48, 110, 2010
Copyright # The Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality
ISSN: 0022-4499 print=1559-8519 online
The Influences of Sociosexuality and Attachment Style on
Reactions to Emotional V
Human Growth and Development Objectives
Students may use these essay questions and/ or learning objectives as an additional study
guide for their unit 3 test . If you know the answers to these essays, you should do well
on your multiple choice tests. Stud
1) Dispositional attributions are based off personality or free will. A situational
attribution is based on current circumstance. I am fairly shy, so I am not the
loudest person in class and I typically do not pa
Current event #1
Keith Vidal was a normal 18-year-old teenager who lived a regular life and didnt
cause many problems. However, in 2012 his parents noticed something strange
about the way he was acting. He started to become more distant and withdrawn
1. What are "sensorineural hearing loss" and "conduction hearing loss"? Which one
is the cause for the rising hearing loss observed among teenagers? Explain.
Sensorineural hearing loss is hearing loss caused by damage to the cochleas receptor cells or to
1. Describe the classical conditioning established in the video we watched in class (the
one involving a guy and his roommate).
The guy was testing Pavlovs classic experiment on his roommate. He shot his roommate with a
gun after pressing the button That
Neurotransmitter: a chemical substance that is released at the end of a nerve fiber by the arrival
of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, causes the transfer of the
impulse to another nerve fiber, a muscle fiber, or some othe
We do not sense or perceive reality, but the slice of reality that our biology and experience make
available to us."
The process of getting information from the environment to the brain and then converting it to
Do we sense all
The Power of the Situation: Phil Zimbardo and the Stanford Prison Experiment
Guards were told to touch the prisoners instead of using violence
Which later turned into actual violence
Psychologically-healthy people are chosen to be prison
Aspects of Psychosocial Development
How we form an identity (Erikson)
How we attach to others through our lives (Erikson; Harlow; Ainsworth)
How and where we find meaning (Erikson)
How we cope with loss
Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development
Explaining and predicting behavior common to humans worldwide
Seven Basic Concepts in Evolutionary Psychology
Explains UNIVERSAL behaviors
Behaviors found in all known world cultures; exists in every culture
Two essential problems evolution addresses:
Everything psychological is biological means that every thought, impulse, opinion, and emotion you
have there is simultaneously brain activity.
Q: Why do we get tired when learning?
A: Our dendrites growit takes physical energy to learn.
Human behavior is multiply determined."
Genetically, all humans are nearly identical (99.9%)
Nature = Genes
The small genetic differences in our genes are part of what creates different traits.
Our chromosomes contain DNA with over 20,00
The First Memory Stage: Encoding
Getting information into the memory system
How We Encode
Automatic encoding = effortless
Some information is automatically processed:
Space, time, frequency
Things that used to take effort, but which youve done so oft
Motivation: A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Motivation Overview: Theories, Needs, and Wants
1. Evolution, not instincts
2. Drives and incentives
3. Optimal arousal (curiosity)
4. A hierarchy of needs (Maslow)
Note: like ev
Classifying and describing the most common disorders worldwide
Deviant: your behavior and thought pattern is very different than what the culture considers normal.
Deviant, Distressful and Dysfunctional?
I felt the need to clean my room would spend four
How we feel the way we do, and what we can do about it.
Experiencing Emotions: Anger
What are the most common causes?
Friends and loved ones who do wrong
Environmental factors (examples)
Bad/unpleasant smell: people behave more aggressively
Becoming Attractive to Others: A Research-Based Plan
What Do Men and Women Want?
This is review:
Men and women mostly seek the same things in a mate
Buss global research
Love, Loyalty, Intelligence, Kindness
Men want youth and
process of becoming.
What is cognitive development?
Changes in the ability to reason and think
Planets theorycog level until age 12
Kohlbergs theorydevel of moral reasoning
Cog devel in late life
Lifelong Cognitive Development: The Newborn and Infant
psych: the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
The Big Idea of Social Psychology
Science *repeatedly* shows that the situation is a larger factor in how we act than how our
Ex: Milgrams obedience
Discussion 3 Response
I fully agree with you that corporal punishment isnt necessary in order to raise a well-behaved
child. I used a similar comparison as you between authoritative and authoritarian parenting.
Strict rigidity on children is definit
Night of fire
Strangers they were
Now soul mates
Quiet was the night
So were they.
Like a soothing breeze
A soft caress
Feeling each other
Searching for the moon
The cloud draping
The sky so vast
The beauty hidden.
Discussion 3 and Response
I believe physical punishment is not necessary in raising a child to be well-behaved and
Physical punishment is considered a form of positive punishment, which is the introduction
of a stimulus to decrease a beh
Discussion 1 Response
These questions are really thoughtful as they bring up concerning issues we
see and wonder about daily! Here are my viewpoints and opinions on these
1. I think cognitive psychology is the perfect subfield to fin