Chapter 19 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels
Overview of Blood Vessel Structure & Function
3 Major Types of Blood Vessels:
1. arteries Vessels that carry blood away from the heart. Arteries carry oxygenated
Chapter 21 The Immune System
immunity Resistance to disease.
2 intrinsic systems for immunity
1. innate (nonspecific) immunity
has 2 barricades: 1. the skin is the first line of defense and 2. inflammation
2. adaptive (spec
Chapter 17: Blood
Blood is the only fluid connective tissue.
It appears homogeneous to the eye, but is heterogeneous under the microscope.
1. formed elements living blood cells
erythrocytes red blood cells; function to carry oxygen
Chapter 9: Muscles and Muscle Tissue
Functional Characteristics of Muscle Tissue
1. excitability or irritability The ability to received and respond to a stimulus. The stimulus is
usually a chemical in muscle tissue.
2. contractility The ability of muscle
Chapter 2 Chemistry Comes Alive
PART 2: Biochemistry
Biochemistry is the study of the chemical composition and reactions of living matter.
2 major classes of chemicals:
organic compounds They all contain carbon and are covalently bonded molecules.
Chapter 11 Nervous System & Nervous Tissue
nervous system The master controlling and communicating system of the body.
Functions of the Nervous System:
sensory input Gather information by using sensory receptors to monitor changes inside
and outside the
Chapter 4 - Tissues: The Living Fabric
4 Types of Tissues:
epithelial tissue A sheet of cells that covers the body surface and/or lines a body cavity.
It forms the boundaries between the inside an
Chapter 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue
perichondrium The layer of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the cartilage and
acts as a girdle to resist outward expansion when cartilage is compressed.
3 Kinds of Skeletal Cartilage
1. hyaline cartilage
Chapter 16: Endocrine System
Overview of Endocrine System:
exocrine glands produce non-hormonal substances such as saliva, and sweat. They have
ducts in which these substances move to the membrane surface.
endocrine glands produce hormones and do not have
Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation
An Overview of Anatomy & Physiology
2 complementary branches of science:
anatomy studies the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another.
physiology concerns the function of the body or how the
The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
weighs less than a pound
size of a fist
hollow and cone-shaped
mediastinum the medial cavity of the thorax
the heart is located within the mediastinum
Chapter 22 The Respiratory System
Major Functions of the Respiratory System:
1. pulmonary ventilation Movement of air into and out of the lungs so that the gases
there are continuously changed and refreshed. Commonly referred to as breat
Chapter 3 Cells: The Living Cells
The Cell Theory
1. The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms.
2. The activity of an organism depends on both the individual and the collective activities of its cells.
3. According to the Princ
Chapter 26 Fluids, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
In a healthy young adult, water accounts for about 50% of the body mass.
Total body water is a function of both age, sex, and relative amount of body fat.
Infants are 73%
Chapter 5 The Integumentary System
accounts for 7% of total body weight
also called the integument
pliable, yet tough
varies in thickness from 1.5 to 4 mm
2 layers: epidermis & dermis
hypodermis The subcutaneous tissue just deep
The Urinary System
Urinary System Organs: Kidneys
Filter 200 liters of blood daily, allowing toxins, metabolic wastes, and excess ions to leave the body
Regulate volume and chemical makeup of the blood
Maintain the proper balance between water an
Chapter 25 Urinary System
Functions of the kidney
1. Excretory function of filtering fluid from the bloodstream, allowing toxins, metabolic
wastes, and excess ions to leave the body in urine while returning needed substances to
Chapter 12 Central Nervous System
Embryonic development is shown in Figure 12.2. Make sure you understand the steps involved in
development from the neural tube all the way to the adult brain structures and adult neural canal
regions. Know this chart.
Questions at Issue
1. In David Gutersons essay, all the people that live in the controlled suburbs seem to be American.
Why do you think its more likely for American families to live there, than families of other
2. The st
BIOLOGY CH:1 Study Guide
1. What is science? The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the
structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment:
2.Define and discuss several differe