2.29 Week 7 notes
Major French Renaissance thinker, proponent of rationalism and humanism,
popularized the personal essay genre
Personal, yet philosophical, essays on diverse subjects; thorough knowledge
of Greek and Latin writers; c
The Roman Empire/ After the Trojan War
Terms and Themes
Ethnocentrism and monstrosity as a mode of demonization
The Cyclops is seen as a monster because he is different
and this gives Odysseus the justifica
Location: 114 DKH
* Cumulative, with emphasis on The Map of Love (30 points)
* Part One: 5 Short answer questions, 1 bonus. 2 points each; 10 points total.
* Part Two: 2 essays, one on The Map of Love, one cumulative. 10 points each,
20 points total.
Global Consciousness &
for Exam #2
TA: Pin-Chieh Lai
Europes Discovery of
Europes Discovery of
Columbus, The Discovery of the New World
Factors spurring the European age of exploration:
Why does Montaigne value the way of life of native Brazilians?
The author Montaigne, unlike other people, has very positive views towards the lifestyle
of native Brazilians. In that time, most people think the native Brazilians are savage using
The article you have read states, "as with the people of the Middle Ages, we only
understand [and] are willing to notice and to see what we know and believe in." Give one
example cited in the article and one from contemporary life (e.g., your own exper
How would you explain the idea that "Man is a cause" in the context of the story?
The author Ghassan Kanafani is an author from Palestinian, in which people suffered.
The stories of Ghassan Kanafani are mostly based on or related to these pains suffere
What are Anna's first impressions of Egypt?
Orientalist art: J.F. Lewis; Soueif pp. 85-129
Before Anna Winterbourne went to Egypt, she learned from Lewis's paintings that Egypt is "exotic" and totally different than British, including their people, their
Describe Cromer's economic and educational policies in Egypt.
Soueif pp. 253-300
Soueif's book is really facinating, especially her attempts to animate history and politics. In today's reading, we can see the leader Cromer's policies towards Egypt's
How does Ibn Battuta's account of Asia compare to Marco Polo's and John
From three different reading, we can see different account of Asia from Ibn Battuta,
Marco Polo and John Mandeville. First of all, while Sir John Mandeville did not act
Superiority of own people
They are NOT, they do NOT
Racism, classism, sexism, eurocentrism,
Stereotypes, Social codes, education, media
Principle of philosophical monism (Plato)
Monism and Idealis
Describe your reaction to the first three chapters of Ahdaf Soueif's *The Map of Love*
(pp. 1-35). How do you find the opening of the novel? What is the effect of Soueif's
Though the novel is a little bit confusing at very beginning,
Review sheet for final from AD5
1. The Map of Love: important figures in the novel; Main themes (ex: love, travel,
language and translation, art, etc) in the novel.
2. Your lecture note
3. Colonialism: Kipling, Macaulay, Cesaire, Montaigne, etc.
1. The difference between colonialism and imperialism? How are they related?
- Colonialism: When a country conquers a region and ruling over other regions as well.
- Imperialism- Is economic and political control over a region.
-Had a christian worldview
-Believed that everyone who wasnt Christian was not as good.
-Very Ethnocentric: Believes everything that is not christian is bad because he sees the religion
of Christianity as the center of the world.
The Map of Love has two main threads. One of them is in 1997 Isabel and authors
brother are protagonists. The other one occurring in 1898, Isabels grate grandmother
is the protagonist. The author narrative these two thread alternately. The authors
Ghassan Kanafani is an author from Palestinian. Most of his literary works relate to
the heavy pain suffered by the Palestinians. This article, Return to Haifa, told about
a story about a Palestinians family which was separated for years. One of the child
Encounter Between Different Worldviews
Indians in Columbuss Worldview
Columbuss view of generosity of Indians and greed of Spaniards, PP. 206-07
Honesty and innocence make them Christians (Without being Christians) and
good servants, pp206, 210
Marco Polo (1254-1324)
Presented a different image of the world that did not confirm what
most people knew at the time
Called a liar
Actually seen & experienced the things that he wrote about
Presented what the world s
Marvels of the East: Monsters in Euro Image
Tells us the idea from 4th century -> 17th century
Belief in Monsters begins to diminish
John Mandeville -> accumulations
Highlights of the Article
Located monsters in India (farthest part of world)
The Crusades- Wars of the Cross 11th-13th century:
Islam and Christianity
Qurans view of Jews and Christians as people of the book (5:155:48, 5:65-75, 5:110-120)
Medieval European view of Muhammad and Islam as a Christian
Byzantine Empire, 4th-
1) Crusades ended 1291.
2) Rise of ottoman Turks, nomadic tribes from central asia.
3)Ottoman empire (1300-1922) was most powerful in the world till 1500-1600s,
it spread over Asia, Turkey, north Africa, South eastern Europe, Middle E
As we all know, people only understand are willing to notice and to see what we
know and believe in. Peoples world views, which contain the idea of the world from
ancestors, nation, and surrounding, are hard to be changed. No matter when a person
There are two main reasons why the authors would like to invent imaginary
monsters. The most important one is that the authors want to show they are better and
higher than other races. This is an example of Ethnocentrism, which usually
Each of John Mandevilles, Marco Polo, and Ibn Battuta had written travel account
about Asia. However, each of travel accounts has different features. John Mandeville
didnt really go to Asia. His account is like a kind of collection of myths and popular
Cannibalism appears in the all the travel accounts we read. However, each author
describes it in pretty different ways. In Mandevilles account, he describes it as a kind
of evil action, But in that country there is a cursed custom, for they eat more gladl
Rudyard Kipling showed extremely deep ethnocentrism in his poem. His poem, The
White Mans Burden, was published in 1899, after the war between America and
Spain. America won the war and began to control the colonies of Spain, such as
Philippines, Cuba. In
Unlike other people, author highly value the way of life of native Brazilians. In the
authors opinion the reason why other people think the natives are savage is they are
using unnatural standard to see the natives. As the author described, those savages
- Christian worldview
- believes that everything that is christian is well and everything that is not christian is bad
- Used the idea of monsters to describe people who were different
- -Referred to monstrosities as c