Midterm Exam: Society and Religion in the West
1. Zeuss order is established when he finds a better way of controlling the chaotic
powers of the great Mother goddess, Gaia, than his father and grandfather did.
Zeuss better way involves most sig
Religion and Society in the West: I
1. Zeus's order is established when he finds a better way of controlling the chaotic powers of the great
Mother goddess, Gaia, than his father and grandfather did. Zeus's better way involves most
The Aristotelian Cosmos: Why the Earth doesnt move
Review of Aristotles Ethics
The art of politics-create the conditions in which the human life can flourish, max
RLST 108 Final Exam Questions
1. Epicurean philosophy offered happiness to all human beings. It taught
that the greatest obstacle to an individual!s acquisition of happiness was?
Happiness is peace of mind. What causes us peace of mind? See youtube vide
In the first chapter of the Bible, God creates earth and everything is perfect. He then
creates the first man, Adam, as a perfect being and puts him in the Garden of Eden as its
caretaker. God then decided that Adam needed a partner, so he created the fir
The book of Job is a story of a man who has his faith in God tested as his entire life
collapses before his eyes at the hands of Satan, under the surveillance of God. First all of his
animals are killed, then all of his family, then even his own health is
Aeschylus play describes a Persian leader, Xerxes, who made the mistake of not listening
to his father at the expense of the Persian army. Where we read begins with Darius ghost
advising his wife to stop Xerxes from attacking the Greeks again. Xerxes does
In Solons poem, he rejects the spiritual way of thinking in trying to find a supernatural
cause for the order of the universe. He utilizes principles that are very indicative of pre-Socratic
thought that attempts to find a logical reason for order that do
In Book 2 part 14, Aristotle makes the argument that the Earth is spherical. His
argument is that everything is pulled to the center of the Earth. He is basically describing
gravity. He says that every portion of the earth has weight until it reaches the
Socrates makes the assertion in Book I of the Republic that someone who has justice
would never harm anyone. Thrasymachus disagrees with Socrates and makes an opposing claim
that people who possess justice arent even capable of harming their enemies! Thr
Aristotle: Ethics-The Training of the Rational Animal
The Great Chain of Skills
Aristotle picks up the idea of Socrates in the Republic: the highest skill, the skill of
ruling, is the skill of producing the highest human good, of perfecting the human
Final Exam, RLST 108
These questions sometimes have more than one correct answer. You should
select the answer that seems best. You should have no notes or books open
while taking the exam.
1. Epicurean philosophy offered happiness to all human
Epicureanism: Living Good, Not Eating Good
341-270: He developed his philosophy after Alexander the Great had incorporated
the polis within the empire.
Happiness: ourishing of the citizen. Happiness and meaning within himself.
Not guilty to ha
Aristotle: The Politics-Freedom and Slavery
What is a Polis?
Aristotle wants to separate the polis from other forms of human organization: the
family, for example. (Politics Book 1, chapter 1-2)
What is a family? A relation between male and female for t
Aristotle on God and Man: Thought thinking Itself and the Good Life
Metaphysics Book 12
Part 3: the difference between matter and form, as in a house: bricks, wood, etc.
and the shape; the blueprint denes the shape; the skill of the architect directs the
Aristotle believes that happiness is something that can be obtained with the right habits.
He views it as something that anyone can obtain and doesnt believe it takes too much work to
achieve. This is very different than Plato, since he believed that huma