Abraham Maslow: Needs-Hierarchy Theory
Abraham Maslow was a famed professor and psychologist, who had been mentored by
Alfred Adler, Ruth Benedict, and Max Wertheimer. Maslows mentorship experiences lead him
to think of the needs-hierarchy th
8. Define sensation seeking and its four components?
Sensation seeking is a desire to do things that offer variety, novelty, complexity, and/or
intensity/excitement and the willingness to take risk for the sake of such experiences. The
7. Distinguish between positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment.
Positive reinforcement relies on the idea that by providing an individual with a reward for good behavior
you are training them to be good. An examp
Alfred Adler: Individual Psychology
Alfred Adler was a famed doctor and psychologist, who worked briefly with Freud.
Adlers life experiences lead him to think of the theories of individual psychology that we all
know today. If it werent for A
5. Describe four characteristics of traits. How do traits differ from attitudes?
Character traits exist among all individuals and can be discovered over time. The way to discover
an individuals character traits are by looking at an indi
4. Think back to what you were like in your early adolescence. Who do you believe influenced you more
at that time, your parents or your peers? Now that you are older, is your answer to that question the
As a child I feel I tried
12. Describe the basic strengths at each stage of psychosocial development.
There are eight stages of psychosocial development and each stage has its own basic strengths.
The first stage is the oral sensory stage; in this stage hope is
What is Kellys definition of the term construct? Why must constructs be dichotomous?
Kelly explains construct as the way people constantly interpret events in their life and others around
them. They formulate an idea to interpret a sit
The four basic styles of life according to Adler are dominant, getting, avoiding, and socially
useful types. These types are normally shaped at childhood and are expressions of the style of
life. The dominant type makes every effort for
3. What is Banduras position on the role of reinforcement in learning?
Banduras position on the role of reinforcement in learning is that behavior is learned and most of it is
through reinforcement. However, all forms of behavior can b
Exam #1 Study Guide
Exam format: 40 multiple questions. There will be about 14 questions per chapter, depending on how much we
focused on each chapter in lecture. Each question is worth 2.5 points, for a maximum possible sc