Zil Patel
Philosophy 104
29 January 2017
Gorgias Part I Reflection
Socrates and Gorgias discuss the importance of the role of a rhetorician throughout
Gorgias. Gorgias emphasizes the importance of a rhetorician in their ability to persuade,
depicting it a
Senwei Mei
Phil 102 HW#8
Primary analogate: Ajax cleaned Veronicas rugs well.
Secondary analogate: Harolds rugs need to be cleaned
1.
a. it makes the analogy stronger because it shows that Ajax consistently finished his job excellently.
b. It weakens the
Senwei Mei
NetID: senmei2
Phil 102
Homework #6
1.
a. All societies that do not preserve individual liberties are radically egalitarian societies. Not
Equivalent.
b. No people who fail to brainwash their followers are cult leaders. Equivalent.
c. Some peop
Phil 105 Introduction to Ethics, Spring 2016
Instructor: Kristin Seemuth Whaley
Kantianism
Comprehension Check
1. Whats the dierence between Act and Rule Utilitarianism?
Act is extreme and is all about the consequences
Rule is about the rule of thumb
2. W
Phil 105 Introduction to Ethics, Spring 2016
Instructor: Kristin Seemuth Whaley
Eating Meat
Comprehension Check
1. State in a single sentence why Taylor thinks we should not endorse anthropocentrism.
2. Whats the difference between anthropocentric environ
Marquis: Abortion and Personhood
Problematic Argument
1. Fetus are x
2. Its seriously immoral to end the life of something that is x
3. Therefore its seriously immoral to end the life of a fetus.
What to fill in for x?
Alive?
Persons? (What about serial k
Right and Wrong Action
1. An action that most people think is right.
Telling the truth
Giving to charity
Being kind
Conserving energy
Working hard
2. An action that most people think is wrong.
Lying
Murdering innocent people
Stealing
Cheating on a test
Ki
Joseph Lin
PHIL 110
Salvation as a religious construct
Purpose-driven mentalities are sought after in the business world. Those with a stronger
purpose oftentimes produce more quality results, and in business terms, that means more money.
But in terms of
PHIL 102:
Logic and Reasoning
Exam #2 Review
General Information
Exam #2 = 25% of Your Final Grade
It is Non-Cumulative: There Will be No Coverage
of the Previous Section of the Course
You May Begin as Soon as You are Seated in the
Classroom
So Show U
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Diagramming Arguments
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
A Logical Diagram is a Visual Tool Used to Help
One See the Connection Between Premises and a
Conclusion
i.e., It is a Map of an Argument
Prelim
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Propositional Logic
Constructing Truth Tables
Chapter 7.C & D
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
Every WFF is Truth Functional, Which
Means That Its Primary-Truth-Value is a
Function of the Truth Values
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Categorical Logic
Transforming Ordinary Language
Reducing the Number of Terms
Reducing the Number of Terms
Sometimes a Categorical Argument Is Written
Using More Than the Three Terms and a Copula.
So They Need to be Simpl
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Categorical Logic
Mood and Figure
Checking Validity with Rules
Mood and Figure
Mood and Figure
Mood = A Characterization of the Kinds of
Propositions Involved in Your Syllogism
Mood and Figure
Mood = A Characterization o
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Categorical Logic
Intro to Categorical Syllogisms
Venn-Diagrams and Validity
Chapter 6 A & C
Categorical Syllogisms
Categorical Syllogisms
Now That We Have Determined How to
Generate Categorical Propositions, We Are
Ready
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Propositional Logic
Well-Formed Formulas
Chapter 7 A & B
The Grammar of Propositional Logic
The Grammar of Propositional Logic
Just Like Any Language, Logic Has a Grammar
The Grammar of Propositional Logic
Just Like Any
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Categorical Logic
The 3 Categorical Operations &
Single Statement Venn Diagrams
Chapter 5.D
The Categorical Operations
Conversion:
The Categorical Operations
Conversion:
Switching the Subject and the Predicate Terms
The
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Incomplete Arguments
Rhetorical Language
Incomplete Arguments
Incomplete Arguments
Some Arguments Have Missing Parts
This May be True of Premises or Conclusions
Incomplete Arguments
Some Arguments Have Missing Parts
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Propositional Logic
Testing the Validity of Arguments
with Truth Tables
Chapter 7.H
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
A Truth Table Can be Used to Check the Validity
of an Argument
In Order to Do This
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
The Elements of Logic
Key Terms
Key Terms
Argument:
A Set of Statements, One of which, the Conclusion,
is Supposed to Follow Logically from the Other[s],
the Premise[s].
Key Terms
Argument:
A Set of Statements, One of
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Propositional Logic
Evaluating and Comparing
Statements with Truth Tables
Chapter 7.E, F, G
Evaluating Statements
Evaluating Statements
There Are Two General Characters That a Single
Statement May Have:
Evaluating Stateme
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Categorical Logic
Translating Ordinary Language I
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
In Order to Use Categorical Logic, We Will Often
Need to Paraphrase the Propositions That We
Are Working With
Prelimi
PHIL 102:
Logic and Reasoning
Linguistic Considerations
How to Understand Terms and
Use Them Well
Preliminary Considerations
Why Should We Study Linguistic Matters?
Preliminary Considerations
Why Should We Study Linguistic Matters?
Because Vagueness, A
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Categorical Logic
Preliminary Considerations and
the Square of Opposition
(Chapter 5.A-C)
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
Categorical Logic is a Branch of Logic Which
Deals with Deductive Generalized
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Propositional Logic
The Elements of Propositional Logic
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
Propositional Logic (aka Sentential Logic) is
the Second Branch of Deductive Logic
Preliminary Considerations
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Propositional Logic
Shortcut Truth-Tables
Chapter 7.I
Why Seek a Shortcut?
Why Seek a Shortcut?
The Truth-Table Method Works Very Well for
Arguments with Few Elements
Why Seek a Shortcut?
The Truth-Table Method Works Ver
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Informal Fallacies
Preliminary Considerations
Preliminary Considerations
Fallacy: A Mistake in Reasoning
Preliminary Considerations
Fallacy: A Mistake in Reasoning
Formal Fallacy: A Fallacy Relating to the
Structure of
PHIL 102:
Thinking and Reasoning
Course Introduction
Syllabus
Syllabus
Instructor: Ian Hegger
E-Mail Address: ihegger2@illinois.edu
Office Hours: Tuesdays 2-3:50 in GH 400C
TAs
Steven Lee
sflee2@illinois.edu
Gregory Hall 400A
Mondays 12-1
or by Appoin
Exam #2 Review Sheet
General: There will NOT be any multiple choice, true/false, matching, or fill in the blank. I will
ask you questions based upon some given information and you will have to tell me the solutions
based upon applying the rules/operations
Review for Exam #1
General Facts:
o All of the Information Can be Found on My Slides
o There are Five Sections: Matching, True/False, Fill-in-the-Blank, Short Answer, and
Diagramming
o The Test is Designed to Take Up the Full HourSo Be Ready to Work Quick