small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers
GIANT molecules that form carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and proteins
build polymers from monomers (each time a monomer adds to a
Characteristics of all living things
organization, cells, response to stimulus, homeostasis, metabolism, growth and development,
reproduction, change through time
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
A specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
The part of an enzyme or antibody where the chemical reaction occurs. where the substrate and enzyme
non-polar organic molecules, therefore do not dissolve in water. Hig
When is an atom chemically stable
when its outer energy level is complete (filled with the maximum number of electrons)
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule
smallest unit of most comp
cell > tissue > organ > organ system > organism
a collection of genetically identical cells that live together in a connected group (not truly multicellular,
cause there is no cellular differentiation, just same/sim
What are the characteristics of life?
movement, metabolism, cells, reproduction, growth, response to environment, homeostasis, heredity,
the thing that is being changed
the results or outcome that is being
Approximately 20% of the cerebral cortex plays a direct role in the analysis of visual information.
Electromagentic radiation with a wavelength of between 380 and 760 nm is visible to us. Other animals
can detect different ranges of electromagnetic radiat
Heres example of caterpillars. They are diurnal feeders. Do plants have jet lag? Yes, If we have them in
completely different photoperiod and then put caterpillar and plant together you can see that the
caterpillar has the maximum activity while p
Tumor mass of cells whose growth is uncrontrolled and that serves no useful function. Some tumors
are malignant, or cancerous, and others are benign. If the tumor is encapsulated; whether there is a
disnict border between the mass of tumor cells and the s
Aphasia, a primary disturbance in the comprehension or production of speech, caused by brain damage.
Most language disturbances occur after damage to the left side of the brain. The left hemisphere of 90
percent of the total population is d
Some infants are born with a disorder that impairs their ability to return their parents affection, failure
to develop normal social relations with other people, impaired development of communicatve ability,
stereotyped behavior. Most pe
CHEMISTRY 112 Spring Semester 2016
General College Chemistry I Course Syllabus
Instructor: Dr. Sherwin P. Montao
Email: [email protected]
Office: 3235 SEL
Office Hours: MW 10:00-11:00 AM, and F 10:00 AM 12 Noon
Cell Membranes and Intracellular Membranes
Cell membrane (plasma membrane) each cell includes many sorts of intracellular membranes
(subcellular membranes). They compartmentalize systems in functionally essential ways.
Cell membrane is composed of a bilay
Emotion refers to positive or negative reactions to particular situations.
Emotional response consists of 3 types of components behavioral, autonomic, and hormonal. The
behavioral component consists of muscular movements that are appropriate to
Ultradian rhythms (shorter than a day) some of our neurons in our brain fire rhythmically or seconds in
heart beat to the rhythm of about 90 minutes in our sleeping cycle From (REM sleep to deep sleep).
Circadian rhythms they last about a day many
Can internally regulate body temperature. Maintain a body temperature at a very narrow range. Even
though we are thermalregulating and keeping our body temperature relatively stable, a lot of animals
will undergo daily cycles in terms of their bod
CHEM/BIOS452 Homework on Protein Structure and Function
(24 points + 12 bonus points; due 4/25/2017)
Protein structures can be described at four distinct levels.
1. Primary structure (amino acid sequence)
2. Secondary structure (alpha-helix, beta-sheet an
BIOS 222 Spring 2017 assignment (Written Report)
a) What do the authors claim to have learned? (3 points)
1. Clathrin light chain isoform b (CLCb) protein levels have a variance among cells. However, the
CLCb expression concentration is rema
BIOS 222 CELL BIOLOGY 32899
1. Why do we have to be vaccinated against influenza each year?
What people normally call as flu is something extremely dangerous known as
Influenza. This seasonal viral infection is caused by either
1. What is the result of exposure to cholera toxin in humans?
Cholera is a bacterial infection of the small intestine. The disease is caused by the gram
negative bacterium Vibrio Cholerae. Cholera causes excess vomiting and diarrhea which
Physics 107 LAST Name (print) galVHUA
Final Exam FIRST Name (print)
May 4 Si gnature:
Class (M 3pm / M 5pm /T 9:30am) 6 circle one
Exam Special. Code: 33 (hit in boxes K & L on Scantron)
Textbooks, cell phones, or any other forms of wire
Multiple Choice [40 points - 20 questions - 2 points each]
Circle the one best answer to each question.
1) Consider the four situations shown belowin each case both charges shown have the same magnitude.
For which case is the electric field at the black d
LAST Name (print):
FIRST Name (print):
NetID (UIC email):
Any work done on the back of the pages will NOT be graded.
Short Problem 1
In the circuit shown, if the switch S has been
1. What are the components of water potential?
Water potential is always a negative number. S (osmotic potential) zero pure water, negative number
when there are solutes. P (pressure potential) = positive in healthy, living cells and negative in xylem. G
How plants use circadian system to influence our developments, and whether to see or not to seed.
It has an input which can be light or anything, that rests the central oscillator which make sure it is not
In plants t
Aldosterone is a type of steroid hormone produced in the adrenal cortex in response to the drop of the
Sodium ions (N+). This hormone increases the amount of the salt reabsorbed in the bloodstream. It
accomplishes this by acting on the renal collecting du
Simple solute diffusion Molecules move from high concentration to low concentration until
equilibrium is reached. It is passive transport mechanism.
Na+ and K+ pump: Half-channel is open, low affinity for K+ and high for Na+, A molecule of ATP is bound
Glial cells are important in increasing the velocity of the nerve-impulse propagation. Two types of
ensheathing glial cells, Schwann Cells in PNS and Oligodendrocytes in CNS.
Astrocytes line the outside surface of capillaries in the vertebrate CNS and act
It takes time for N2 to come out from your blood and start to equilibrate to a lower surface level partial
pressure Nitrogen of 0.78 atmosphere.
How gases diffuse between spaces?
The larger X is the lower rate of diffusion J
Convective Trnasport of Gases
Is the photo conversion of phytochrome from one form to another ever 100%?
Explain your answer.
Describe the structure of phytochrome. What aspects of phytochrome function can be inferred from
Phytochrome can be in Pfr form if it is active