this controversy describes the degree to which people remain the same over time; focuses more on how
specific characteristics are defined and measured
this controversy describes whether a p
Free Radicals Theory
this theory postulates that the unstable ions that are naturally produced by metabolism, if not properly
resolved, fuse with DNA and can cause dysfunction in the body; as we age, we become less efficient at
resolving with these ions a
interdisciplinary field focused on the interplay between humans and their surroundings
Types of Environments
natural environment, social settings, built environments, learning environments, specialized and living
indirect measures for the Stimulus load theory; assesses work load on five 7-point scales - mental
demand, physical demand, temporal demand, performance, effort, frustration
Behavioural Constraint Theory
focuses on limitations on behaviour result
1) a program of shared rules that govern the behaviour of a community or society
2) a set of values, beliefs, and attitudes shared by most members of a community
3) culture enables specialization and increasingly more complex organization of socie
a girl's first menstruation
powerful chemical substances secreted by the endocrine glands and carried through the body by the
the location where fibers connect the brain's left and right hemispheres
are assessed in terms of:
- function or purpose of the setting
- activities the setting is intended to support
- attributes of the users/occupants
Standing Patterns of Behaviour
collective behaviour expected in the setting
a moral perspective that focuses on the rights of the individual and in which individuals independently
make moral decisions
the moral perspective of Carol Gilligan, which views people in terms of their connectedness w
the process of designing and shaping cities, towns and villages
Urban Design considerations
- pedestrian zones, incorporation of nature into the city, aesthetics, urban organizations and layout,
accessibility and transportation, universal des
the belief that "I cannot"
deliberate efforts to manage one's behavior, emotions, and thoughts, leading to increased social
competence and achievement
children become interested in how things are made and work
international programmed of applied research on the interactions between man and his environment;
source of scientific knowledge needed by decision makers for managing natural resources
the relationship between CNS levels of arou
strategy for coping with prolonged exposure to stresses such as social discrimination by expending
high levels of effort which results in accumulating physiological costs.
individual's tendency to cope with stress and adversity; "
The incorrect assumption that small samples will be representative of the population from which they
how often the item occurs in the population
The finding that people are relatively insensit
system for categorizing the four kinds of reasoning used for analyzing propositions or statements
refers to the first proposition or statement
-"if" part of the sentence
refers to the proposition that comes sec
The General Adaptation Syndrome
Alarm reaction (sympathetic, fight or fight?
Resistence- adapation to stress
exhaustion- parasympathetic nervous system
Richard Lazarus's view
stress is a state of anxiety when events and responsibilties exceeds one's copin
autonomic nervous system
the part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of the internal organs
(such as the heart.)
Sympathetic Nervous system
division of the autonomic nervous system that arouses the body, mobilizing i
What is health psyc?
The field of psychology involving behaviors related to health; disease prevention and treatment as well
as overall health enhancement
What is the APA definition?
A scientific, educational, and professional organization for psychologis
describes how people create a wide variety of heuristics to help them make useful, adaptive decisions
in the real world
if there is a default option, people will choose it
Release from Proactive Interference
intermittent explosive disorder
Episodes during which a person acts on aggressive impulses that result in serious assaults or
destruction of property
Recurrent failure to resist urges to steal things not needed for personal use or their moneta
Ingestion of psychoactive substances in moderate amounts that does not significantly interfere with
social, educational, or occupational functioning
Physiological reaction, such as impaired judgment and motor ability,
alcohol use disorder
Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problem associated with alcohol use and abuse
Sedative (and addictive) drug such as Amytal, Seconal, or Nembutal that is used as a sleep aid
Anianxiety drug such
conduct or failure to act in violation of the law forbidding or commanding it
intentional behavior that violates a criminal code, intentional in that it did not occur accidentally or
without justification or excuse
Theory of Crime
Which of the following defines dispositional traits?
aspects of personality that are consistent across contexts and can be compared across a group on a
Which of the following are part of Costa and McCrae's five factor
Kotre argues that Erikson's stage of generativity is too broad to capture
the essence of adulthood. Kotre argues that adults have many
opportunies to express generativity that are not equivalent.
Which of the following are types of generativity?
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
a government-sponsored survey of victims of crime, intended to collect data from the victim's
perspective on crimes both reported & not reported to police.
National Incident-Based Reporting System
The FBI's syste
What does studies say about five factor model of dispositonal traits?
several longitudinal studies indicate that personality traits show long-term stability.
What evidence is there for long-term stability in dispositional traits?
studies find evidence for
Researchers have discovered whih of the following themes in adult
affective emotional basis, shared communal basis, and sociability and compatibility
Which of the following are true of being single?
single people are perceived as less caring,
What are the key issues across ethnic groups?
Instilling cultural values in children is important for parents. In some culutres, familism changes the
unit of analysis from the individual to the family.
What forms of parentign are there?
Single parents fac
What is the gender differences in friendships
Men tend to have fewer close friends and base them on shared activities. Women tend to have more
close friends and base them on emotional sharing. Cross-gender friendships tend to be difficult.
What are the main points of Whitbourne's identity theory?
Whitbourne believes that people have a life-span construct: a unified sense of their past, present and
future. The components of the life-span construct are the scenario (expectations of the future