According to guest lecturer Vicki Nichols Goldstein, three out of every
four breaths you take comes from the ocean
an effect of a market transaction that changes the utility, positively or negativley, of those outside the
What happens to the temperature of the tropical Pacific Ocean during
an El Nino event?
Temperature and salinity
What two factors are most important to the density of ocean water?
Why are there more nutrients in an upwelling zone?
Because the upwe
Climate forcing due to solar output is very small relative to that from
How does the climate forcing due to increased solar output over the past 250 years compare to the
climate forcing from greenhouse gases?
records from trading posts
goods that are available to all (nonexlusive) and whose use by one person does not reduce their
availablity to others (nonrival)
a good whose use by one person does not limit its use by others
an individual or group
What were some features of Islamic mosques?
domes, pillars/arches, water features, mosaics, etc.
What were some features of Islamic art?
floral designs, symmetry, calligraphy/verses of the Qur'an, etc.
Why was Baghdad considered the greatest city of its t
the proposition that if property rights are well defined and there are no transaction costs, an efficient
allocation of resources will result even if externalities exist
costs associated with a market transaction or negotia
Who were the Isma 'ili Assassins?
The more radical of the two Fatimid splinter groups that was associated with the usage of hashish in
order to take on suicidal missions.
Who were the Mamluks?
They were the only Islamic dynasty to withstand Mongol invasio
Why is fertilizer use in agricultural systems likely to cause problems far
away from the actual application of fertilizers?
fertilizer dissolves in water and travel quickly through ground
in rocks, especially where the mineral apatite is present
the value that people place on the knowledge that a resource will be available for future generations-for the kids
the value people place on a resource that they do not intend to ever use, such as teh benefit that one
Where was the Almoravid dynasty?
West Africa, North Africa, and Spain
Where was the Almohad dynasty?
Morocco and Spain
Where was the Fatimid dynasty?
Tunisia and Egypt
Where was the Ayyubid dynasty?
Egypt and Syria
Where was the Mamluk dynasty?