Chapter 14 Local Government
1. Issues of national importance also are highly relevant to local governments.
2. In 2008, the U.S. Conference of Mayors emphasized several objectives, including anticrime measures, climate
protection, public housing assistanc
Taxing and Budgeting
Texas sets the budget every 2 years (biennial)
Texas has the 3d largest state budget
The Texas legislature passed and sent to the governor the largest budget in the states historya total of almost
$182.2 billion was approved for fisca
The most important distinction between civil and criminal law is the way each deals with court findings.
In criminal law, the aim is punishment, but in civil law, the remedy (the means used to redress an injury) is
relief or compensation.
The US is considered the most litigious country in the world. of the worlds attorneys.
Tx is 18th among the states in terms of litigation. 337 people per attorney
The subject matter the courts consider determines our legal rights and often shap
1. The executive branch
a. T he executive branch is the part of government that administers the law and implements public policy.
a.i. The executive branch of government enforces public policies and is responsible for the day-to-day
the collective characterization of the most politically and economically powerful
special-interest groups in the state.
ad hoc committees
a temporary committee.
an ad hoc committee that meets to resolve differences between
Women now account for 19 percent of the Texas Senate and 24 percent of the Texas House.
Females, Asians, and Hispanics are underrepresented in te legislature relative to their percentages in the general
Texas has citizen legislators who meet f
Texas Governor is chief executive.
Te state government has been systematically weakened and decentralized by both the constitution and
Tx Constitution designate the governor as chief executive.
o The executive branch is split among offices and
Executive tools cont.
Chief of State
o The governor, who serves as the symbol of Texas and who performs ceremonial duties and
represents the state at meetings with foreign officials and other governors.
A significant part of the governors job is related
1. An understanding of power exercised by the lieutenant governor in the Texas Senate and the speaker in
the Texas House of Representatives is necessary to understand how the Texas legislature works.
the most powerful committees in the house are Appropria