abnormal behavior - A psychological dysfunction within an individual that is associated with distress
or impairment in functioning and a response that is not typical or culturally expected.
behavior therapy - Array of therapy methods based on the principl
Prenatal medical procedure that allows the detection of abnormalities (for example, Down syndrome)
in the developing fetus. It involves removal and analysis of amniotic fluid from the mother.
Pervasive developmental disord
covert sensitization - Cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce unwanted behaviors by having
clients imagine the extremely aversive consequences of the behaviors and establish negative rather
than positive associations with them.
Exhibitionism - Sexual
antisocial personality disorder
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of disregard for
and violation of the rights of others. Similar to the non-DSM-IV-TR label psychopathy but with greater
1) Chapter 13Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
Perspectives on Schizophrenia
2) Psychosis = hallucinations and delusions
3) Early Figures in Diagnosing Schizophrenia
a) Emil Kraepelin Psychiatrist who unified the distinct categories of schizophr
o Chapter 8
Added to DSM-4 in 2000.
Chief characteristic = overwhelming, all-encompassing drive to be thin.
o <18.5% BMI = Serious Malnourishment
o >29% BMI = obesity
o 100 lbs overweight = morbid obesity
Somatoform and dissociative disorders share common features but are not well understood.
Both among the oldest recognized mental disorders.
o Both were labeled as hysterical neurosis. Referring generally to physical symptoms w/o known
organic cause or to
Small electronic device that is worn on the wrist like a watch and records body
movements. This device can be used to record sleepwake cycles.
Eating disorder characterized by recurrent food refusal, leading to dangerously low b
Shorthand term for alter egos, the different personalities or identities in dissociative identity disorder.
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
Somatoform disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance
Panic Disorder: sudden burst of anxiety symptoms, feel out of control,
and think they are dying.
Agoraphobia: fear of places where help might not be available in case
of an emergency.
Specific Phobia: fear of specific object
*DMS = Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (by Am. Psychiatric Assoc)
Abnormal Chapter 1
Mental Health Professionals
o Ph.D: clinical and counseling psychologists
o Psy.D: Clinical and counseling Doctors of Psychology
o M.D.: Psychiatris
Chapter 1Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context
What is a psychological disorder?
How do we describe people with mental illness?
o Lazy, crazy, dumb?
o Weak in character?
What is a Psych
behavioral assessmentMeasuring, observing, and systematically evaluating (rather than inferring)
the clients thoughts, feelings, and behavior in the actual problem situation or context.
classical categorical approach - Classification method founded on the
Affect - Conscious, subjective aspect of an emotion that accompanies an action at a given time.
Agonist - Chemical substance that effectively increases the activity of a neurotransmitter by imitating
Antagonist - In neuroscience, a chemical s
Deficiency in the amount or content of speech, a disturbance often seen in people with schizophrenia.
Anhedonia - Inability to experience pleasure, associated with some mood and schizophrenic disorders.
Separation among basic