Eriksons Stages of Development
Each is a stage theory that sees children as developing through distinct periods of life.
Each suggests that the child's experiences during early stages affect the child's emotional
and social life at the time and later on.
Late Adulthood: Social and Emotional Development
o For many people, the later years are the best years.
Building and maintaining a career, family and selecting a mate are done
Depression and anxiety tend to decline positive emotions remain s
CHAPTER 16 Middle Adulthood: Social and Emotional Development
*Most people see midlife as a 2nd childhood, filled w/ opportunities for new directions and fulfillment.
Increased crystallized intelligence and little loss in fluid intelligence.
CHAPTER 12 Adolescence: Social and Emotional Development
Development of Identity: Who Am I
Teenagers (adolescents) are preoccupied with both their present selves and what they want to become.
Eriksons View of Identity Development
1) Ego identity versus ro
Adolescence 11-19 yrs old (coincides with onset of puberty)
More changes occur during infancy and adolescence than any other time of life.
Biological, cognitive, social and emotional functions
Chapter 10 Social and Emotional Development Middle Childhood 6-12 yrs.
Middle Years = 6-12 years old.
Social world expands and peers take on greater importance. Greater independence, Friendships
Social and Emotional Development Theories
Chapter 9 Middle Childhood
1. Growth Patterns
a. Middle childhood growth
a.i. Defined from ages 6 to 12
Beginning of school to beginning of adolescent growth
spurt around 12 years.
a.ii. Average body weight doubles
a.iii. Gains in height and weight
Chapter 8 Early Childhood: Social And Emotional Development
Preschool 2-6 yrs
1. Dimensions of Child Rearing - Different approaches to rearing
a. Warm parents
a.i. More likely to be affectionate toward their children and less likely to
Chapter 7 Physical and Cognitive Development
2-6 years = early childhood (preschool years)
o Physical grow is slower than infants
Children become taller and leaner =
Girls and boys - 2-3 height per year
Girls and boys 4-6 pounds per year.
o Boys slight
Infancy: Social and Emotional Development
1. Attachment: Bonds that Endure
a. Attachment (A two way street)
a.i. Enduring emotional bond between one animal or person and another (Ainsworth,
a.ii. Essential to the survival of the infant (Bo
Spans the decades from ages 20 to 40
Havighurst Developmental Tasks* (1972)
o Stages of development involve accomplishing certain tests
Getting started in occupation
Selecting and courting a mate - It is not normal to remain celibate/
9.1 Developmental Psychology The study of how and why people change over the course of the life span. Includes all other topics
studied by psychologists (thinking, language, intelligence, emotions, social behavior) but focuses only on the changes that occ
Ch 5 Cognitive Development focuses on the development of childrens ways of perceiving and
mentally representing the world.
1. Infancy Jean Piaget
a. Piaget hypothesized that cognitive processes develop in an orderly sequence of
a.i. Some children m
Theories formulations of apparent relationships among observed events. Allow us to derive
explanations and predictions.
Theories help us explain, predict, and influenced the event we study.
a. Start of 20th century, child development emerged as