Deficiency in the amount or content of speech, a disturbance often seen in people with schizophrenia.
Anhedonia - Inability to experience pleasure, associated with some mood and schizophrenic disorders.
Separation among basic
Prenatal medical procedure that allows the detection of abnormalities (for example, Down syndrome)
in the developing fetus. It involves removal and analysis of amniotic fluid from the mother.
Pervasive developmental disord
covert sensitization - Cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce unwanted behaviors by having
clients imagine the extremely aversive consequences of the behaviors and establish negative rather
than positive associations with them.
Exhibitionism - Sexual
antisocial personality disorder
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic) personality disorder involving a pervasive pattern of disregard for
and violation of the rights of others. Similar to the non-DSM-IV-TR label psychopathy but with greater
1) Chapter 13Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
Perspectives on Schizophrenia
2) Psychosis = hallucinations and delusions
3) Early Figures in Diagnosing Schizophrenia
a) Emil Kraepelin Psychiatrist who unified the distinct categories of schizophr
o Chapter 8
Added to DSM-4 in 2000.
Chief characteristic = overwhelming, all-encompassing drive to be thin.
o <18.5% BMI = Serious Malnourishment
o >29% BMI = obesity
o 100 lbs overweight = morbid obesity
Somatoform and dissociative disorders share common features but are not well understood.
Both among the oldest recognized mental disorders.
o Both were labeled as hysterical neurosis. Referring generally to physical symptoms w/o known
organic cause or to
Small electronic device that is worn on the wrist like a watch and records body
movements. This device can be used to record sleepwake cycles.
Eating disorder characterized by recurrent food refusal, leading to dangerously low b
Shorthand term for alter egos, the different personalities or identities in dissociative identity disorder.
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
Somatoform disorder featuring a disruptive preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance
Panic Disorder: sudden burst of anxiety symptoms, feel out of control,
and think they are dying.
Agoraphobia: fear of places where help might not be available in case
of an emergency.
Specific Phobia: fear of specific object
*DMS = Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (by Am. Psychiatric Assoc)
Abnormal Chapter 1
Mental Health Professionals
o Ph.D: clinical and counseling psychologists
o Psy.D: Clinical and counseling Doctors of Psychology
o M.D.: Psychiatris
Chapter 1Abnormal Behavior in Historical Context
What is a psychological disorder?
How do we describe people with mental illness?
o Lazy, crazy, dumb?
o Weak in character?
What is a Psych
behavioral assessmentMeasuring, observing, and systematically evaluating (rather than inferring)
the clients thoughts, feelings, and behavior in the actual problem situation or context.
classical categorical approach - Classification method founded on the
Affect - Conscious, subjective aspect of an emotion that accompanies an action at a given time.
Agonist - Chemical substance that effectively increases the activity of a neurotransmitter by imitating
Antagonist - In neuroscience, a chemical s
abnormal behavior - A psychological dysfunction within an individual that is associated with distress
or impairment in functioning and a response that is not typical or culturally expected.
behavior therapy - Array of therapy methods based on the principl
1. The drive-reduction theory states biological needs motivate animals and humans to take action to reduce tension or arousal in the body and achieve balance through primary and secondary drives. Primary drives are unlearned biological motivations that in
CH 1 Psychology as a science Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. It has a long past and a short history. Psychologists are interested in every aspect of human thought and behavior. The Classical Roots of Psychology Greek P
4.1 CONSCIOUS EXPERIENCE Consciousness Awareness of mental processes. Waking consciousness involves all the thoughts and feelings that occur when we are awake and reasonably alert. The hallmark is the selective nature of attention. Altered states of consc
Factors That Influence Extinction In Operant Conditioning Just as in classical conditioning, extinction in operant conditioning doesn't completely erase what has been learned. Even though much time has passed since a behavior was last rewarded and the beh
9.1 Developmental Psychology The study of how and why people change over the course of the life span. Includes all other topics studied by psychologists (thinking, language, intelligence, emotions, social behavior) but focuses only on the changes that occ
The Visual System In the process leading to vision, light enters the eye through the cornea, then passes through the pupil (in the center of the iris) and the lens, which focuses it onto the retina. The lens changes its shape to allow light to be focused
Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Bradford Titchner: Structuralism In 1879 Wilhelm Wundt established the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany. There the use of experiment and measurement marked the beginnings of psychology as a scien
hormones Chemical substances released by the endocrine glands that help regulate bodily activities.
hues The aspects of color that correspond to names such as red, green, and blue.
humanistic approach Perspective that emphasizes the importance of realizin
Absolute Threshold The least amount of energy that can be detected as stimulation 50% of the time.
achievement motive The need to excel or to overcome obstacles.
Actor-observer bias Actualizing tendency The tendency to explain the behavior of others as ca
7.1 BUILDING BLOCKS OF THOUGHT Cognition = Thinking. includes the processing and retrieval of info from memory and requires manipulation of info in various ways. It is relevant to attention, sensation, perception, learning, memory, and forgetting processe
Ackoff, p. 1
From Mechanistic to Social Systemic Thinking *
Russell Ackoff *
Why, all of a sudden, is everyone interested in systems? Why, all of a sudden, has Aquality@
become a big thing? Why, all of a sudden, are we discussing Aorganizational learning@
A force that Mesmer and others believed is evenly distributed throughout the bodies of
h ealthy people and unevenly distributed in the bodies of unhealthy people.
Nominalist. One of the first Western philosopher-theologians to emphasize the works of Aristotle after the Dark Ages.
Founded the dialectic method in order to overcome inconsistencies in theologian statements. Argues that logic a