Data, Measurement, and Surveys- Chapter 4
What are the three components of True Score Theory?
Observed Score = True Ability + Random Error
Each observed score is comprised of a persons true ability and some random error
On a test (for example)
o The ob

Statistics Review- Chapter 8
What is a descriptive statistic?
Procedures for summarizing a group of scores or otherwise making them more
understandable
What is an inferential statistic?
Procedures for drawing conclusions based on the scores collected in

Graphing Review- Chapter 10
Which axis of a graph is used for plotting your independent variable?
X-axis
Which axis of a graph is used for plotting your dependent variable?
Y-axis
Can two independent variables be included on the same graph?
Yes, but yo

Correlational Research Review- Chapter 9
What does it mean to say that correlation (or co-variation) is a necessary but insufficient
condition for causality?
You must see a correlation present if causality is there. However, just because there is a
corre

Validity- Chapter 6
Know the steps for generating a hypothesis
Brainstorming
Literature Search
Problem Statement
Operational Definition
o Operationalize Constructs
Research/Causal Hypothesis
Be able to give an example of a statement of the problem
R

IRB, Ethics, and In-Text Citations- Chapter 5
Be able to provide an example of when ethical issues limit experimental testing
Ethical constraints can limit experimentation
Correlational and Differential Research Design are often utilized when experiment

Data, Measurement, and Surveys- Chapter 4
Be able to define and give an example of test-retest reliability (what does the correlation
coefficient represent?).
Test Retest Reliability:
o The similarity of observations of cores when measured at multiple ti

Data Cleaning, Outliers, Descriptive Statistics- Chapter 7
What is measured with central tendency?
Central Tendency
o A representative value of the midpoint in a group of scores
o Measures:
Mean
Median
Mode
What is the mean?
The point at which the to

Data Collection Techniques- Chapter 3
Be able to provide examples and define the following sampling techniques:
Simple Random Sampling
o Sampling technique in which all subsets of the population have equal probability
of being selected
o Goal Standard
E

Scientific Process/Variables- Chapter 2
What is the definition of a theory?
A formalized set of concepts that summarize and organizes observations and inferences,
provides tentative explanations for phenomena, and provides the bases for making
prediction

Introduction Slides- Chapter 1
Be able to give an example of how researchers collect data.
Surveys
Experiments
Observation/Case Studies
Interviews
o Structured
o Unstructured
Be able to give an example of how researchers organize data.
Chronological

310 Study Guide for Exam 1
The exam will be fill in the blank, short answer, and essay. You will be given the entire class
period to take the exam. All of the questions below cover permissible material for Exam 1.
Please review the slides and book first,

Missing Data Review- Chapter 11
Where does missing data come from?
Missing Items
Attrition
What is attrition?
Loss of participants throughout a research study
Usually a consideration for a longitudinal research design
Can attrition take place in a cro