GLUCOSE METABOLISM THROUGH KREBS CYCLE
Why is this process called the oxidation of glucose?
Where and how is new ATP produced? What is the net gain of ATP?
Where is NAD+ reduced and how many are there?
Gycolisis 2 produced 6 into krebs cycle
Where is FAD
Biology 104 Cumulative Final Exam
Inflammation help activate our nonspecific (innate) defense system
Rising carbon dioxide concentration changes initially lead to the sudden urge
to breathe again when you hold your breath
Negative feedback: Ele
Biology 1040 Final Study Guide
Population Ecology is concerned with the changes in population size and the
factors that regulate populations over time
Populations increase through birth and immigration to an area and decr
BIOL 1060 Final Exam
Determine metabolic rate for an insect (memorize equation):
MR= [(Amount of oxygen consumed in mL/ Duration of experiment in min) *
(60 min/ 1 hr)] / Mass in mg
Determine size of Daphnia or microscopic organism using calibration provi
Week 13 Documentation
1. Identify and describe the structure of DNA and nucleotides.
Nucleotides are made of some base, combined with a phosphate group and a
deoxyribose sugar. DNA is made of different Nitrogenous bases, either pyrimidi
Week 1 Documentation
Todays learning outcomes
Contrast the tree aspects of science
Relate science process to nature of science
Contrast the terms: fact, theory, hypothesis, and law
The Science Triad
Body of knowledge
Process of learnin
Week 10 Documentation
1. Describe the structure of a chloroplast
The chloroplast is made up of 7 different parts: Outer Membrane, inner Membrane,
Thylakoid membrane, Thylakoid, Granum, Stroma, and Thylakoid lumen. The Inner
and outer mem
Met new people
Which force is primarily responsible for producing the suns
o Strong nuclear nuclear fusion
Which term in the following equation is a kind of ene
Week 2 Documentation
What is statistics
Why is statistics necessary?
Cant measure the entire population,
Week 6 Documentation
Solving pH problems
Step 1: Whats the reaction
o Pick generic reaction and K or H-H equation
o Identify reactants and products
Step 2: Is the reaction at equilibrium
o If not, we might need an ICE table
o Remember: Salts and strong
Week 9 Documentation
Enzymes are biological catalysts
Catalyst a molecule that is involved in a given spontaneous reaction,
increasing the rate of reaction, but is not actually consumed.
Enzymes do not change G
Enzymes can be Proteins
Redox- reduction/oxidation occur simultaneously
NADH is the reduced form
o NADH is oxidized during a redox reaction, it loses 2e to
o The molecule that accepts the 2e is reduced
NAD+ is the oxidized form
o NAD+ is reduced du
Chemical Communication (Mods 137-139)
1. Compare and contrast the five types of intercellular signaling.
2. Explain how pheromones enable communication between individuals
(compare with hormones).
3. Describe and compare signal
Week 14 Documentation
1. Describe the events that take place during each stage of the Cell Cycle
The first part of the cell cycle is Cell Division. The start of this is mitosis that flows
from the prophase to the telophase. This involves
Week 15 Documentation
1. Describe Mendels two principles of inheritance.
The two principles are the law of segregation and the law of independent
assortment. The law of segregation is the complete loss, then recovery of one
phenotype making inheritance pa
Week 12 Documentation
1. Describe the structure of a mitochondrion
The outer membrane surrounds the mitochondrion and regulates the import and
The inner membrane contains the transport proteins and enzymes necessary for the
Week 11 Documentation
1. Describe the function of the electron transport chain.
The purpose of the electron transport chain is to convert light energy to chemical
energy. It produces ATP and NADPH for carbon fixation reactions and oxidiz
Week 8 Documentation
Laws of Thermodynamics
1. Energy cannot be created nor destroyed, but may be transformed from one
form to others, without overall loss.
2. In an isolated system, a process occurs spontaneously if it results in an
increase in entropy.
pH Along the Length of Streams
The purpose of this lab is to find the pH along streams. By determining the pH of the
stream we can determine if it is acidic or not.
Methods and Materials
Methods used follow Kaisa (2016).
When she was twelve years old, Juanita Marlinez was forced to watch as
the Salvadoran National Guard rounded up the men in her village of Santa
Lucia, bound them in groups of five or ~ doused them with kerosene and
set them on
Review # 5
1. What is population ecology? Why is it important that we study population ecology?
- Population Ecology: structure and dynamics of populations
- study of how and why populations change
- to understand how population sizes increase and decreas
Review # 4
1. What is behavior? What is behavioral ecology? Why is behavior important to organisms?
What does it mean for behavior to be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors?
- Behavior: action carried out by muscles or glands, controlled
Review # 7
1. Review: Define biodiversity.
2. What is a community? Give examples of aquatic and of terrestrial communities.
3. Review: What do we count in population ecology? Contrast: What do we count in communities?
4. How is diversity within a communit
Review # 1
1. What is the purpose of the unit? What questions are we trying to answer?\
2. BIG TIME REVIEW (last semester): What happens with each transition of energy through the
organisms an ecosystem? IOW, is all the energy passed on? If not, what happ
Review # 3
1. REPEAT : OVERVIEW OF WHAT TO LEARN: For each of the biomes, be sure you understand
the major characteristics of its climate cfw_see question 8 of the questions for lecture 28 to understand
WHY you should understand these factors and soil , a
Some of this information will be found in your readings, some in your lecture notes.
1. What is the purpose of the unit? What questions are we trying to answer?
2. BIG TIME REVIEW (last semester): What happens with each transition of energy
through the or
Review # 6
1. What are life history traits? Give examples of the key life history traits. What is the link between
these traits and energy usage? IOW, what do I mean by a trade-off between life history traits?
- Life History Traits = traits that affect an
Review # 8
1. Review: Define biodiversity. cfw_Why do I keep asking you to do this? Because it is the central
organizing idea in this unit besides energy. I need you to be able to bring this to mind quickly and
easily and to connect all ideas to it.