Social Groups, Organizations, and Social Institutions
6.1 Social Groups
Social groups: two or more people who share some attribute and interact with one another
Ex: families, clubs, teams, veterans, etc.
We all have many social g
Chapter 2 Reading Notes:
Examining Our Social World
2-1 How Do We Know What We Know?
Most of our knowledge is based on tradition or authority.
This simplifies our lives because it provides us with basic rules about socially
3-1 Culture and Society
Culture: learned and shared behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and material objects that
characterize a particular group or society.
Culture influences many aspects of your life.
Intro to Sociology
United States and Global
8.1 Social Stratification Systems and Bases
Social stratification: societys ranking of people based on their access to valued resources.
Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
7.1 What Is Deviance?
Deviance: violation of social norms
Ex: driven above the speed limit, underage drinking
Sociologist use it nonjudgmentally
Interested in understanding/explaining why we violat
Socialization: lifelong process where people learn culture and become functioning parts of society.
4.1 Socialization: Its Purpose And Importance
4.1a What Is the Purpose of Socialization?
The Organization of Society
How the parts of society fits together.
Orderly and predictable patterns of interaction.
Built of statuses and roles within collections of people.
Status: position in a group
Ex: Family consi
Three Major Functions of the
TRANSPORTS GASES between the tissues and
Major gases transported: OXYGEN (O2) and
CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2)
HEMOGLOBIN = the protein
Structural Components of the
Filter & remove wastes
Return nutrients, ions, other
filtered materials needed by the
Tubes that drain urine from
kidneys to bladder
Branch of biology
The study of how the body works to
accomplish tasks essential for life
Study the organization and structure of the
major organ systems of the body
Study the control mechanism that regulate
Organization of the
Elements & Atoms
ELEMENTS are the simplest subdivisions of matter
Substances that cannot be broken down by chemical
means to simpler substances
All elements are unique
ATOMS are the smallest particles into which an
element can be subdivided and still
Survival of the organism
Body systems work together to maintain homeostasis
Promotes the survival of the individual organism under
varying environmental conditions
Reproductive system = EXCEPTION to this rule
Survival of the speci
Anatomically and functionally divided into:
1. Tubular gastrointestinal (GI) tract
Aka: Alimentary canal
2. Accessory digestive organs
Structures that directly aid digestion
Teeth & tongue
Organs that indirectly aid digestion by