Chapter No:05
Incompressible Flow in
Pipes and Channels
Flow In Circular Pipes
Objective
To
measure the pressure drop in the straight
section of smooth, rough, and packed pipes as a
function of flow rate for Industrial Applications.
To correlate various
Assignment
Chapter
Topic
No 7
: Fluidization & its
Types
Submission
Date: 2nd Dec
2015
1
Chapter No :08
Transportation &
Metering of Fluids
2
Contents Of Chapter
3
DESIGNING OF ANY FLUID FLOWING SYSTEM REQUIRES;
1.
Design of system through which fluid
CHAPTER NO : 7
Flow Past
Immersed
Objects
Introduction:
External flows past objects encompass a variety of fluid
mechanics phenomena.
The character of the flow field depends on the shape
of the object. Even the simplest shaped objects, like :
Cylinder , D
Basic Concept:
Fluid dynamics of a compressible medium
A compressible medium is one in which
the density can change. This leads to
steady flow where velocity ~ speed of sound
(e.g., high-speed aircraft)
convection driven by body forces with thermal
expans
Quantity
Mass
length
Volume
Force
pressure
Energy
Equivalent
1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.20462 Ibm =
35.27392 oz
1 Ibm = 160z = 5 X 10-4 ton = 453.593 g =
0.453593 kg
1 m = 100 cm = 1000 mm = 106 microns (j.1m) =
1010 angstroms (A)
= 39.37 in. =
Viscous flow in ducts
Chapter 6
Piping systems are encountered in almost
every engineering design and thus have been
studied extensively.
The basic piping problem is:
What pressure drop is needed to drive the given
flow?
Or given the pressure drop ava
Compressible flows
Chapter 9
Frank M. White
9.1. Introduction
All previous chapters have been concerned with low-speed
or incompressible flow, i.e., where the fluid velocity is much
less than its speed of sound.
When a fluid moves at speeds comparable t
Turbomachinery
Chapter 11
Frank M. White
Introduction
Turbo Latin word meaning spin or whirl.
And turbomachinery is the machine that transfer energy
between rotor and fluid.
two types:
One that give energy to the fluid (pumps)
Others that extract ene
Interpretation of experimental data.
Best represented in dimensionless form.
Dimensional analysis is a method for reducing the
number and complexities of experimental
variable that affect a given phenomenon.
Say some experimental data suggests that the
Basic Equations of Fluid Flow
Chapter 4 McCabe &
Smith
Chapter 3,4 & 5 of Frank
M. White
Three basic equations
Continuity equation rate of change of mass is zero
Momentum equation rate change of momentum is
equal to sum of forces
Energy equation Energy ba
Introduction
Dimensions and Units
&
Fluid Properties
Concept of Fluid
A fluid, such as water or air, deforms continuously
when acted on by shearing or tangential stress of any
magnitude.
A solid can resist a shear stress by static deflection, a
fluid cann
Fluid flow phenomena
Turbulence
&
Boundary layer
The behavior of a flowing fluid depends strongly on whether
or not the fluid is under the influence of solid boundaries.
In the region where the influence of the wall is small, the
shear stress may be negli