5.4 Alexanders Empire
Terms & Names
Philip II- the king of Macedonia
Macedonia-just north of Greece had a rough terrain and a cold climate.
Alexander the Great- conqueror and killer
Describe the climate and terrain o
Development of the Mycenaean Civilization: Part 2 Notes
What nomadic herders settled in the Greek peninsula around 2000 BC? What do we call
them, and why?
Mycenaean people settled there and are called that because of the lead
1. What is a caliph?
A caliph is a supreme political and religious leader in the Muslim government.
2. Who were the first four caliphs and what was their rule called?
The four caliphs were Abu-Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali. Their rule was called a
QUIZ ON ALEXANDER NOTES FROM CLASS
How old was Alexander when he inherited the throne of Macedonia? Who and what
inspired him to greatness?
20, Aristotle teachings because he had learned science, geography, and
literature. To insp
(1) Emperor Constantine rebuilt this city and named it Constantinople
(2) Built during the reign of Justinian, this was supposed to be the worlds most
(3) Justinian sent an army under this gene
Roman Empire of the BC Time Quiz Notes
1. Describe the steps in Romes conquest of the Italian peninsula.
a. Romans dominated central Italy and they defeated the Etruscans to the north
and the greek city states to the couth. The romans
ROMAN REPUBLIC NOTES
1. Who were the first rulers of the territory later known as Rome?
a. An Etruscan king became king of Rome. In the decades following, Rome grew
from a collection of hilltops to a city that covered nearly 500 square miles
Quiz notes for the science and tech of the Roman empire
What astronomical discovery did Aristarchus of Samos make?
He estimated that the sun was at least 300 times larger than the sun.
He proposed that th
1. Describe Romes geography (location in the Italian peninsula, water features, land
a. Rome was built on the seven rolling hills at a curve of the Tiber River, near the
2. Who were the first occupants of the area where Rom
Democracy of the Romans
Describe the development of Athenian democracy under the following leaders (see chart). Did
the reforms apply to everyone in Athens? If not, who was excluded?
-developed a legal
code based on the
idea that a
Alexander the Greats Conquests
How would you describe Alexanders actions after conquering southwest Asia?
He was more interesting in expanding it rather than governing it.
What happened when Alexander reached the Ind
Dorian- a new group of people that spoke a dialect of Greek
Homer- greatest blind storyteller
Mycenaean-a leading city that named the Mycenaeans
Myth- traditional stories
Trojan War- the Mycenaeans fought a ten year battl
Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries
Powerful sea traders along the Mediterranean.
Minoans named after him and is the king/leader.
The capital city of Crete.
Terms & Names
Polis-the city state that was
fundamental political unit in ancient
tyrant- people who seized control of
the government by appealing to the
common people for support.
Acropolis- a marketplace at the
Quiz Notes for the Roman Republic
1. What was the Pax Romana?
a. How much area did Rome control?
a.i. 3 million square miles.
b. What was the population of the Empire during this time? Of Rome?
b.i. 80 million people
2. How did Augu
civil war- a conflict between groups within the same country
Julius Caesar- a military leader
Triumvirate- a group of three rulers
Augustus- a title given to Octavian, the exalted one
Pax Romana- roman peace
1. What prob
Hellenistic- the blend of Egyptian, Persian, and Indian culture
Alexandria-became the city of commerce and Hellenistic civil. Alexander the Great
founded this city.
Euclid- highly regarded mathematician who tau
Republic-form of government in
which power rest with citizens who
have the right to vote for their
Patrician-the wealthy landowners
who held most of the power.
Plebeian-the common farmers,
artisans, and merchants w