Stipulations for Resultism (Consequentialism)
1-Insofar as we are trying to work out the theory of results, have to pay attention
to the results for everybody, not just the results for yourself
o Look for action that has the best results for the most peop
Prof. Eric Van Der Wee
Applied Ethics 345-BXH-DW 00037
February 26, 2016
1. To be a hero, one must possess few superpowers in order to defeat opponents of different
calibers of power.
2. Power can be found in diffe
Contemporary Problems and Classic Theories
Prof. Martine Gosselin
"Subjectivism in Ethics"
1. In your own words, describe what ethical subjectivism is.
Ethical subjectivism is when there is no right or wrong situation according to on
Happy people are virtuous people vs. happy people are vicious people
o Which is heaven and hell
o Intrinsically believe that happy people should be virtuous and unhappy the
Dont mistake instrumental vs. intrinsic values
Theories Away from Mental State
Other theories about what else could matter besides mental state?
Although believe you are having the experiences you wanted, you did not actually
satisfy the desire
o Think you did, but didnt truly complete any of them
Mills Terms dealing with his version of Utilitarianism
Consequentialism (Resultism)judging things by the results that it produces,
ignores the intent of actions
o Motives dont matter
o Intent fundamentally changes nature of action although
What does it mean to say there is no fact in the matter of who is better off
between (when comparing) people?
o John has headache, Linda has horrible migraine
o Economists say there is no interpersonal comparisons, to say John is
Objection raised by Mill to Quantitative Hedonismmany people say that
hedonism cannot be right b/c it is a doctrine worthy only of swine
It seems hedonism would endorse a life of physical pleasures, the life of a content
pig, over our
Is mental state-ism the generally correct approach to looking at these two forms of
o Or is there more to having the right kind of life than correct mental states?
Ex. Imagine someone is a successful and well-respected businessm
What is Moral Philosophy?
Attempts to answer the question and the various questions that occur to us while
we are trying to answer the question: How should I live?
Try to come up with a list of moral rules
o Keep your promises; Help the needy; Dont harm p
Well-Being and Hedonism
Good lives have a higher balance of pleasure over painbad lives are those with
a worse balance or lives where pain outweighs pleasure
HedonismBold Version where pleasure and pain are the only thing that affects
the goodness or badn
o Why pay attention to ethics at all? Why be moral?
o Difficult to focus on until you have some understanding on what morality
tells you to do
o If have better notion as to what the best account of the foundations of
An opening case: Management
A company advertised for a job, two men
were selected for the interview.
First man opened he door & came in, had a
brilliant credentials. After the interview was
over, he walked out through the door that