Leader: Someone who can influence others and who has managerial authority
Leadership : The process of influencing a group to achieve goals
Early Leadership Theories
o Trait Theories (1920s -19
Motivation: The process by which a persons efforts are energized, directed, and
sustained towards attaining a goal. This definition has 3 key elements:
Energy: a measure of intensity or drive
FOUNDATIONS OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR
FOUNDATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR
The Organization as an Iceberg
Organizational Behavior (OB): The study of the actions of people at work. Focus of OB:
Communication: The transfer and understanding of meaning.
Transfer means the message was received in a form that can be interpreted
by the receiver.
Understanding the message is to und
GROUPS AND TEAMS
Group: Two or more interacting and interdependent individuals who come together to
achieve specific goals. Groups consists of:
o Formal groups: Work groups defined by the organizatio
CHAPTER 12 MANAGING HUMAN RESOURCE
HRM important because:
o Become a significant source of competitive advantage.
o An important part of organizational strategies.
o The way organization treat their people has been found to significantly
Design Pattern Specification dan Lazy Loading
Specification adalah salah satu bentuk desain pattern yang disediakan oleh framework AMN. Specification ini
berguna untuk membuat query where pada sql tetapi dalam bentuk object. Sebagai contoh k