CLD 10502- Chemical Process Principles
1.0 BASIC CONCEPTS
1.1 Units, Dimensions and Conversion
1.1.1 Units 1. A measured or counted quantity has a numerical value and a unit. Example: 520 meter, 23.08 kilograms, 10 celcius, 0.0015 seconds
2.
Units can be
Liquid and solid
Single Phase System
Mixture of solid can determined by its mass fraction
XA = mass of A -total mass of components(A+B + C +.)
Density of liquid mixtures:n i=1 n i=1
( 1/ = xi/ ) or ( = xi i ) 1/ or xi
Gases
Example: What is the density of
CEN 1022 Chemical Process Principle
1.3
PROCESS VARIABLES
To design or analyze a process, we need to know the amounts, compositions, and condition of materials entering, leaving, and within the process. The quantities used to describe a process are called
Chemical Process Principles (CEN 1022) Chapter 2: Material Balance
CHAPTER 2 MATERIAL BALANCE
2.1
Balance Over Single / Multiple Unit Operations (Non Reactive Process)
PROCESS
The streams entering are the input or feed stream The streams leaving are the o
CEN 1022 Chemical Process Principle
Ch3:First Law of Thermodynamics
3.0
The First Law of Thermodynamics
1. What is Thermodynamics? 1.1 1.2 Thermo heat, degree of heat Dynamics changes
2. How does thermodynamics relate to Chemical Process Principles? 1.1 M
CHAPTER1 BasicConcepts
Units Dimensions Conversion
Ms. Norilhamiah Binti Yahya L ecturer Room Ext: 2046
Units
Ameasuredorcountedquantityhasa numericalvalueandaunit
value Example : unit 360 meter (m) 50 kilograms (kg) 0.065 seconds (s) 27 celcius (C)
Free
UNIVERSITIKUALALUMPUR
CHAPTER4
INTERNAL LIQUID FLOW IN PIPES AND CONDUITS
PowerPoint Presentation by Mohd Edyazuan Copyright 2008 Mohd Edyazuan . All rights reserved
Objectives
Student should be able to: i. identify the characteristics of laminar flow an
CHAPTER 4 ENERGY BALANCE
Free Template from www.brainybetty.com
2
General balance on closed system
Input + generation output consumption = accumulation
First law thermodynamics for a closed system is :
U + Ek + E p = Q + W
Points should be considered: 1)
REAL GAS (NON-IDEAL GAS)
Real gas equations purposely: # To predict actual variant from ideal condition. Two method of predicting real gases properties : # Virial Equations of State # Compressibility charts
VIRIAL EQUATION OF STATE
Pitzer Acentric Factors
PROCESS VARIABLES
MS.NORILHAMIAHYAHYA
Process Variables?
The quantities used to describe a process and these must be measured and computed
Feed
PROCESS
INPUT
Products
OUTPUT
To design or analyze a process, we need to know the amounts, compositions, and
CHAPTER 1:
Process Flow Diagram (PFD)
A process flow diagram (PFD) is a diagram commonly used in chemical and process engineering to indicate the general flow of plant processes and equipment. The PFD displays the relationship between major equipment of a
PROCESS VARIABLES & ANALYSISANDDATA PRESENTATION
MS.NORILHAMIAHBINTIYAHYA ExtRoom:2046
Process Variables?
The quantities used to describe a process and these must be measured and computed
Feed
PROCESS
INPUT
Products
OUTPUT
To design or analyze a process
Reaction releases heat exothermic reaction Reaction requires heat endothermic reaction
BALANCES ON REACTIVE PROCESS
HEAT OF REACTION,
- Enthalpy change for a process in which stoichiometric quantities of reactants
at T & P react completely in single react
CLB 10502 PRINCIPLES OF CHEMICAL PROCESS
ASSIGNMENT 1
1. Explain dimensional consistency in your own words and give one example of dimensional consistency equation. (5 Marks)
2. You have 130 kg of gas of the following composition: 40% N2, 30%CO2 and 30% C
Fluid Mechanics (CEN 1013) Chapter 5: Equipments in Fluid Flow
Tutorial 5
1) 2)
What are pipes and fittings? State their functions. What are the functions of valve?
3) 4)
What is the difference between stop valve and check valve? Define pump and briefly d
Fluid Mechanics (CEN 1013) Chapter 4: Internal Liquid Flow in Pipes & Conduits
Tutorial 4 1) Glycerin flows in a 25 mm diameter pipe at a mean velocity of 0.3 ms1.
If the density of the glycerin is 1260 kgm-3 and the viscosity is 14.9 x
10 -5 N.sm -2 dete
Fluid Mechanics (CEN 1013) Chapter 3: Static Fluid
Tutorial 3 1) 2) State the Pascal's law of pressure at a point in a fluid. Most swimmers find the pressure at a depth of about 10 ft painful to ears. What is the gauge pressure at this depth?
3)
How far b
Fluid Mechanics (CEN 1013) Chapter 2: Fluid Characteristics & Behavior
Tutorial 2 1 ) Define: a. specific gravity b. specific weight c. specific volume
2) Find the mass of 250.0 mL of benzene. The density of benzene is 0.8765 g/mL. What is the weight of b
Fluid Mechanics (CEN 1013) Chapter 1: Introduction to Fluid System
Tutorial 1
1 ) Define fluid. 2) Distinguish between the terms fluid static, fluid dynamics and fluid kinematics. 3) What is the difference between an ideal and a real fluid? 4) What are th
FluidMechanics(CLD10603) Experiment4:MultiPumpTestRig
Experiment4 MultiPumpTestRig
Objectives
Determine the operating characteristic of different pumps in a contained unit. Understandthetypesofpumpsinprincipleanddesign,andtheselection of the appropriate
FluidMechanics(CLD10603) Experiment3:SeriesandParallelPump
Experiment3 SeriesandParallelPump
Objectives
To observe the differences between single, series and parallel pump operation. Todeterminethesingle,seriesandparallelpumpcharacteristiccurves.
Overvie
FluidMechanics(CLD10603) Experiment2:MethodofFlowMeasurement
Experiment2 MethodofFlowMeasurement
Objective
Directcomparisonofflowmeasurementusingventuri,orificeandbench.
Overview
In engineering and industrial practice, fluid measurement of many of the va
FluidMechanics(CLD10603) Experiment1:DemonstrationofBernoullisTheoreminFluidFlow
Experiment1 DemonstrationofBernoullisTheoreminFluidFlow
Objective
Determine the fluid velocity using the Bernoullis theorem and the Continuity equation.
Overview
The Berno
CHAPTER4
INTERNALLIQUIDFLOWIN PIPESANDCONDUITS
Objectives
Studentshouldbeableto: identifythecharacteristicsoflaminarflowand turbulentflow ii. employPoiseulleandDarcyequationinbasic problems iii. recallBernoullisequation
i.
Objectives
employBernoullisequat
Fluid C haracte ristics and Be havior
By: Marm Roshaidah Binti y Mohd S h alle
Obje s ctive
Studentshouldbeableto: i. Defineanddeterminethefluid propertiessuchas:
Weight Mass Density Specificgravity Specificweight Specificvolume Absoluteviscosity Kinemat
FLUID MECHANI C S C 1013 EN
By: Mohd NizamBin Zahari
Obje s ctive
Studentshouldbeableto: Definefluid Classifythetypeoffluidanditsphysical behaviors. Identifyexamplesoffluidsystem.
History
FacesofFluidMechanics
Archim de es
Be rnoulli
S I saac Ne ir wton
Organic Chemistry CLD 10302
TUTORIAL 9 INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMISTRY (ASSIGNMENT 3) 9.1 Carbohydrate
1. 2. 3. 4.
Define carbohydrates in terms of the functional groups present. State THREE (3) classes of carbohydrates. Give the example for each type. What
Organic chemistry CLD 10302
TUTORIAL 8 (CARBOXYLIC ACID & ESTER) 1. What are the structural differences between carboxylic acid and ester? 2. Assign IUPAC name to the following compounds:
Br O CH3CH2CHCHCOH
i.
OH
O C O CH2CH3 Cl
ii.
Cl
O CH3CH2CH2COCH2CHC