5
Series DC Circuits
Objective
The focus of this exercise is an examination of basic series DC circuits with resistors. A key element is
Kirchhoffs Voltage Law which states that the sum of voltage rises around a loop must equal the sum of
the voltage drop

8
Series-Parallel R, L, C Circuits
Objective
This exercise examines the voltage and current relationships in series-parallel R, L, C networks. Often
series-parallel circuits may be analyzed along the lines of the simpler series-only or parallel-only circu

3
The Oscilloscope
Objective
This exercise is of a particularly practical nature, namely, introducing the use of the oscilloscope. The
various input scaling, coupling, and triggering settings are examined along with a few specialty features.
Theory Overvi

6
Series R, L, C Circuits
Objective
This exercise examines the voltage and current relationships in series R, L, C networks. Of particular
importance is the phase of the various components and how Kirchhoffs Voltage Law is extended for AC
circuits. Both t

2
Phasor and Vector Review
Objective
The proper manipulation and representation of vectors is paramount for AC circuit analysis. Addition,
subtraction, multiplication and division of vectors in both rectangular and polar forms are examined in
both algebra

7
Parallel R, L, C Circuits
Objective
This exercise examines the voltage and current relationships in parallel R, L, C networks. Of particular
importance is the phase of the various components and how Kirchhoffs Current Law is extended for AC
circuits. Bo

9
Passive Crossover
Objective
The frequency response of a simple two-way LC passive crossover is investigated. One output should
attenuate signals above the crossover frequency while the other output should attenuate signals below the
crossover frequency.

5
Inductive Reactance
Objective
Inductive reactance will be examined in this exercise. In particular, its relationship to inductance and
frequency will be investigated, including a plot of inductive reactance versus frequency.
Theory Overview
The current

14
Parallel Resonance
Objective
This exercise investigates the voltage relationships in a parallel resonant circuit. Of primary importance
are the establishment of the resonant frequency and the quality factor, or Q, of the circuit with relation to
the va

15
A Loudspeaker Impedance Model
Objective
This exercise investigates the impedance magnitude and phase of typical dynamic moving voice coil
loudspeakers. The impedance is dominated by the voice coil resistance at DC, by the mechanical resonant
system whi

1
Basic RL and RC DC Circuits
Objective
In this exercise, the DC steady state response of simple RL and RC circuits is examined. The transient
behavior of RC circuits is also tested.
Theory Overview
The DC steady state response of RL and RC circuits are e

10
AC Superposition
Objective
This exercise examines the analysis of multi-source AC circuits using the Superposition Theorem. In
particular, sources with differing frequencies will be used to illustrate the contributions of each source to
the combined re

11
AC Thevenins Theorem
Objective
Thevenins Theorem will be examined for the AC case. The Thevenin source voltage and Thevenin
impedance will be determined experimentally and compared to theory. Loads will be examined when
driven by both an arbitrary circ

4
Capacitive Reactance
Objective
Capacitive reactance will be examined in this exercise. In particular, its relationship to capacitance and
frequency will be investigated, including a plot of capacitive reactance versus frequency.
Theory Overview
The curr

2
DC Sources and Metering
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to become familiar with the operation and usage of basic DC electrical
laboratory devices, namely DC power supplies and digital multimeters.
Theory Overview
The adjustable DC power supp

13
Series Resonance
Objective
This exercise investigates the voltage relationships in a series resonant circuit. Of primary importance are
the establishment of the resonant frequency and the quality factor, or Q, of the circuit with relation to the
values

15
Capacitors and Inductors
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to become familiar with the basic behavior of capacitors and inductors.
This includes determination of the equivalent of series and parallel combinations of each, the division of
volt

1
The Electrical Laboratory
Objective
The laboratory emphasizes the practical, hands-on component of this course. It complements the
theoretical material presented in lecture, and as such, is integral and indispensible to the mastery of the
subject. There

10
Superposition Theorem
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to investigate the application of the superposition theorem to multiple DC
source circuits in terms of both voltage and current measurements. Power calculations will also be
examined.
Th

11
Thevenins Theorem
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to examine the use of Thevenins Theorem to create simpler versions of
DC circuits as an aide to analysis. Multiple methods of experimentally obtaining the Thevenin resistance
will be explore

9
Potentiometers and Rheostats
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to examine the practical workings of adjustable resistances, namely the
potentiometer and rheostat. Their usage in adjustable voltage and current control will be investigated.
Theo

12
Maximum Power Transfer
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to determine the conditions under which a load will produce maximum
power. Further, the variance of load power and system efficiency will be examined graphically.
Theory Overview
In ord

7
Series-Parallel DC Circuits
Objective
This exercise will involve the analysis of basic series-parallel DC circuits with resistors. The use of
simple series-only and parallel-only sub-circuits is examined as one technique to solve for desired
currents an

3
Resistor Color Code
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to become familiar with the measurement of resistance values using a
digital multimeter (DMM). A second objective is to learn the resistor color code.
Theory Overview
The resistor is perhap

6
Parallel DC Circuits
Objective
The focus of this exercise is an examination of basic parallel DC circuits with resistors. A key element is
Kirchhoffs Current Law which states that the sum of currents entering a node must equal the sum of the
currents ex

4
Ohms Law
Objective
This exercise examines Ohms law, one of the fundamental laws governing electrical circuits. It states that
voltage is equal to the product of current times resistance.
Theory Overview
Ohms law is commonly written as V = I * R. That is

8
Ladders and Bridges
Objective
The objective of this exercise is to continue the exploration of basic series-parallel DC circuits. The basic
ladder network and bridge are examined. A key element here is the concept of loading, that is, the effect
that a

13
Mesh Analysis
Objective
The study of mesh analysis is the objective of this exercise, specifically its usage in multi-source DC
circuits. Its application to finding circuit currents and voltages will be investigated.
Theory Overview
Multi-source DC cir

14
Nodal Analysis
Objective
The study of nodal analysis is the objective of this exercise, specifically its usage in multi-source DC
circuits. Its application to finding circuit currents and voltages will be investigated.
Theory Overview
Multi-source DC c

12
AC Maximum Power Transfer
Objective
In this exercise, maximum power transfer to the load will be examined for the AC case. Both the loads
resistive and reactive components will be independently varied to discover their effect of load power and
determin