What Is Dialysis? What Is Kidney Dialysis?
Dialysis is the artificial process of eliminating waste (diffusion) and unwanted water
(ultra filtration) from the blood. Our kidneys do this naturally. Some people, however,
may have failed or damaged kidne
What are Biosensors?
Any device that analyzes a biological compound into a measurable signal
Composed of a bioreceptor, transducer, and an electronic peripheral
Any device that analyzes a biological
compound into a measurable signal
The IS relies upon the continual circulation of leukocytes through the body
For the Innate IR a variety of lymphocytes, granulocytes, and monocytes can respond
For the Adaptive IR lymphocytes must contact Ag in either tissue, lymph,
POLYMORPHISM AND DETECTION OF
A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism is a
source variance in a genome.
A SNP ("snip") is a single base mutation in
Genetic Polymorphism: A difference in DNA
sequence among individual
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING
The use of living cells to make products such as pharmaceuticals, foods, and beverages
The use of organisms such as bacteria to protect the environment
The use of DNA science for the production of pr
Each immune reaction results not only in armed effector cells, but also in a few activated cells
that don't mature but rather "freeze" in a state where they can survive for a very long time.
In immunology, these cells
Analysis of proteins by SDS
PAGE and 2D gels
polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, is a
technique widely used in biochemistry,
forensics, genetics and molecular biology:
to separate proteins according to
Analysis of nucleic acids by
Principles of Gel
Electrophoresis is a technique used to
separate and sometimes purify
Proteins and nucleic acids that differ in size,
charge or conformation
Most industrial fermentations are carried out as pure cultures in which only selected strains
are allowed to grow.
If foreign microorganisms exist in the medium or any parts of the equipment, the production
organisms have to compete with
SOURCES OF EVOLUTION
What is evolution ?
Sources of evolution.
3. Genetic drift
4. Non-random mating
5. Natural selection
SOURCES OF EVOLUTION
What is Evolution :
The process by which different kinds of living organism
Variation is the key to Success
It refers to diversity in gene frequencies. Genetic variation can refer to
differences between individuals or to differences between populations. Mutation
is the ultimate source of genetic variation, but
NAME: KAYINAAT KHALID
ROLL NO: 11
SUBMITTED TO: MAM RABIYA
METHODS IN MOLECULAR
What is it?
Series of techniques used to differentiate
one subjects DNA from another
Compares hypervariable regions, or
variable numbers of t