Monday, February 7
Three kinds of desires:
1. Natural but not necessary. (Ex: Desire for
delicious food, amusement, etc.)
2. Natural and Necessary
a. For happiness.
b. For health of the body.
c. For life.
3. Empty or Vain. (Ex: Desire for
Rosenbaum on Death
Dying, Death, and Being Dead
Dying is a process that takes place during ones
Death is the moment at which one becomes
Being dead is the state one is in (so to speak)
after ones death.
Rosenbaum is concerned-as was Epicur
Socrates has just finished discussing the
claim, offered by Thrasymachus, that the
just is nothing else than the advantage of
the stronger. Glaucon is unsatisfied with
Socrates response, and challenges
Socrates claim that it is always be
We should try to determine what, if
anything, is such that (a) we desire it for
its own sake, and (b) everything else is
desired for the sake of it.
There must, at least, be some thing or
class of things which are desirable for
their own sakes.
Today: J.S. Mill (1806-73),
Utilitarianism: actions are right in proportion as they
tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to
produce the reverse of happiness (121).
Happiness is pleasure and the absence of pain
BOSTON UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY
PH 100: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY
Instructor: Professor Walter Hopp
Office: Department of Philosophy, School of Theology, 745 Commonwealth Avenue, Room 516
Phone: (617) 358-3620
Human beings are motivated and caused to
act by pain and pleasure.
Bentham endorses hedonism. Hedonism is
the view that the only things of intrinsic
value are mental states or experiences.
The Principle of Utility