Billy Budd (1962)
1700s Royal Navy
-Billie Budd is a young merchant seaman on the ship named The Rights of Man.
He seems to be a symbol for happiness and good spirit.
-The Navy comes onto the merchant ship and takes Billy to join the Navy.
-Billy doesnt k
Mills Utilitarianism continued
AU vs. RU
page 17Do as you would be done by
treating every person equally, including ones self.
*A Harmony of interests
page 18 -Motive
lifeguard example- help others, doesnt ge
Discussion- OCTOBER 23,2013
*writing makes associations from different small stories and examples
*To The Reader - small essay
*type of autobiography, to keep the memory of himself alive for other people.
-not trying to gain power from hi
The Right to Health Care: Duty to treat or not?
The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA), is an act that was
passed by Congress, in 1986,to make it possible for all citizens to have health care and treatment
despite their social statu
*Rights and Their Origins
1. Practical Religious beliefs
-affects the way a person acts/ their conduct
-affects their understanding (mind)
2.Speculative Religious beliefs
-affects the mind only
*Ideas and notions are foun
Modernist Crises and Responses
Valerys Three Crises:
Are we better off in society?
Does human life get better?
Is Western civilization worthwhile
What is the modern?
Places in Transit
Mil- Nov 20,2013
Ethical Theory- Hedonism , comes from hedoru=> pleasure.
*pleasure is what is good in life and should be pursued
pain is bad and should be avoided
*Hedonism- a theory of the good.
*Utilitarianism - a theory of justice
=> theories are conn
Edgar Allan Poe
-break from traditional forms.
pre raphaelites- brotherhood.
Cultural influences that affect Modernism
1. Interesting complexity (derives from Industrialization)
Influence of ModernismGrowing industrial
On Cruelty -Essay
-Question, Why avoid cruel and capital punishment?
page 182, I cruelly hate cruelty
1. really, really hates cruelty
2. Self -Relexcive*
I am the quality I despise
page 184, No cruelty in judicial af
HU 201 Nov 21,2013
REVIEW- Distinction between Higher and Lower pleasures.
Higher pleasures understood through ROMANTICISM*
Expectations - a mental belief about the future
Young Werther and Nature
The works of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe are both emotional and have a strong
sense of nature present. The story, The Sorrows of Young Werther, is an epostolary novel which
is a collection of letters and journals of more personal a
Titus Andronicus continued
ACT TWO(*Emperor chooses Tamora over Lavinia, Tamora becomes very powerful(power reverse)
Aaron- lover of Tamora, the Moor. Very smart but schemist
-above it all as emperor's wife
*love as a weapon
John Lockes view on pregnant mothers and smoking
The social contract is a theory that has many adaptations arguing the views and laws between
civilians and the government. Lockes adaptation of the social contract states that a mutual
agreement should be c
Nov 11,2013 HU201 LECTURE
Christian Ethic Values/Precepts
*Let the person without sin cast the first stone
-dont exercise power over others until you correct or make your own life better.
*Love your neighbor as yourself
The Clouds Unclear Teaching Method
The Clouds teaching method can be interpreted as making people learn the hardest
way possible, in self recognition. This method is for the people who dont believe anything is
wrong with their ways and search for ways out
Mills Act Utilatarism
An action is right or just IF it produces more benefits than its realistic alternatives taking into
account the effects of one action on every person equally, including ones self.
1. Examine the benefits of the action
2. Examine the
Mill- Internal + External Sanctions, Conciousness, Guilt, and Fear.
*External + Internal Sanctions
=> answers to the question, Why be moral?
External => fear of punishment (external because it comes outside of the self)
-from society (prisons, fines, capi
October 30,2013- Discussion
*Theory of Voluntarism (similar to function argument, but different )
-a thing is good for me ONLY IF I believe it is good.
*highlights beliefs of a person to determine whether a thing is good or bad for you.
Beliefs in your he
LockeThe Social Contract- theory -a voluntary agreement between civilians and govt, plus armed
-protect powerless peoples
-protect the rights of people from govt power.
*Civiians agree to follow laws established by govt.- (fre
Friday Lecture, OCTOBER 11,2013
Aristotles debate on happiness
*Happiness= Greek for being filled with a good spirit
How do we achieve happiness?
Question: ex: why are we in class? = to fulfill requirement. => to graduate=> to get a
job=> to get the thing
Lockes Voluntarism*Locke was very interested in the Torah (Old Testament)
From,Essay on Human Understanding- Locke
2 views of the body:
1.)The Body Is A Gift
*you did not create your body
*your parents give it to you, and their parents befor
Persons are capable of Value Conferring Choices - capable of making rational choices.
*Things is a very broad category in Kant.= seen as the rest of nature (only person can make
Value Conferring C
HUM LECTURE 2/11/13
British Romanticism : Some Emphases
Embrace of nature as a spiritual force
Literature of the average person
Anxiety of industrialization
Sense of loss
Sense of the organic - everything is different
Social-spiritual purpose of poetry
October 9,2013, First Discussion SectionAristotle on Friendship-*
BOOK VIII* (8)
-Starts off with a survey of opinion.
*what do people think about it?
*what are people saying about friendship?
-Own (Mutual Goodwill) = Reciprocity
=expansion on his theory.
HUM 201 -October 16,2013 (Discussion)
Early Modern Period*Shakespeares Titus Andronicus -1st tragedy
(Set in -6th/7th century Rome, but uses text to explain contemporary 16th century England)
-Queen Elizabeth-ruler of England (question of succession_ she
Aristotle continued - *Friendships based on Virtue
Friendships based on virtue=> Last longer
Happiness is luck,rare, fragile
1157b 14- lack of conversation =lost of friendship
1168b page 127- Aristotles Sexism
*men and women have diff
18441900 (breakdown in 1889)
Suffered from a mental illness for most of his adult life
Moment that provoked his breakdown when he say a horse being beaten and
hugged the horse