Chemistry of Earth- Chapter 12
1. Describe the structure of Earth and the regions of the Earths Surface:
a. The Earth has thei. Core
1. The Crust is made of the solid lithosphere, the liquid hydrosphere,
and the gaseous atmosphere.
Chapter 13- Air
Section 13.1- Earths Atmosphere: Divisions and Composition
Atmosphere: the thin blanket of air is made up of layers:
o Troposphere-contains all living things, closest to the earth.
Dry air is a Mi
Thinking like a Scientist
To gain an understanding of the Scientific Method
To gain experience in making observations
To develop skill with laboratory glassware and chemicals
To develop skill making basic laborator
Chapter 11 Notes:
Radioisotopes: unstable nuclei that undergo changes in nucleon number, atomic
number, or energy during the radioactive decay process.
Radioactive Decay Process:
We are constantly exposed to naturally occurring:
Chapter 9 Notes:
Organic Chemistry: the chemistry of carbon-containing compounds.
Hydrocarbon: contain entirely carbon and hydrogen
Alkanes: contain only single bonds, end in ane
-are saturated hydrocarbonseach carbon atom is bonded to the max # of hydrog
Chemistry: Review of Measurement and Mathematics:
A.1 The International System of Units:
-standard SI unit of length is the meter
-the meter is defined precisely as the distance light travels in a vacuum during 1/299,792,458 of
-SI unit of mass
Classifying a change within a redox reaction as either oxidation or
Oxidation: when a substance gains oxygen atoms or loses hydrogen atoms or loses
electrons or when its oxidation number increases.
Reduction: the opposite of oxidationit occurs
Chapter 14 Notes- Water
14.1- Waters Unique Properties
Water is the only common liquid on earth; its solid form is less dense than the liquid and
it is denser than most other common liquids.
Specific Heat Capacity: the amount of heat needed to raise the t