Recognition of multiple influences on criminal behavior.
Spatial distribution problem.
Critique of individualistic theories.
Promise of social interventions, and their intuitive appeal.
Can be traced to the Chicago School of Crime.
Context: Social Tr
Applying the concentric zone model to Brisbane:
Variation in the geography of cities: in some, the inner city is poor while suburbs are
wealthy; the converse may be the norm elsewhere.
Variation in physical features that may restrict growth of certain s
Robert Merton: 1938
Social context at the time:
Unemployed with nothing to do
Depression and recovering general economic prosperity
Emergence of youth cultures
Increasing social problems
Merton social structure and anomie:
Draws on Durkheims theory of
Functional conflict theorists leave unanswered the question of how some groups achieve the
power to impose definition on others.
Is there a connection between group conflict and the distribution of resources?
Power conflict theory:
Things are not as equa
How does the learning take place?
Involves associations with others in intimate groups.
We have to think in this in two ways. First is the content of what we actually learn. The
techniques, how do I break into a car?
For exam you learn two things how
Week 6: Individual theories:
Basic principles of individual theories:
Individual differences are linked to certain biological and/or psychological factors.
Crime is something tha
There is material in the first slide that needs to be looked over (video clip) that could be in exam.
What is a moral panic?
An episode, condition, person or group of persons that has been defined as a threat to
societal values and interests (Coh
A number of theories revolving around criminal personalities. Common elements include:
impulsivity, extroversion, low self-control, lack of acceptance of authority, amorality, etc.
Anti-social personality disorder:
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Me
3. Criminaloidsoccasional criminals; under certain specific situations. Comprises the majority
Lombroso origins of scientific positivism:
Was interested in a way of understanding individuals and society by taking a scientific
Imply breakdown of law and order
Construction of the problem as one of bad people and immoral acts
Perpetuation of idea it is getting worse
Offenders are perverts and misfits
Social stereotypes re race, age and gender
Criminal is distinctive differe