Apostrophe: A literary device in which a writer or speaker detaches himself from the
reality and addresses an imaginary character in his speech.
Example: Oh! Stars and clouds and winds, ye are all about to mock me; if ye really pity
me, crush sensation an
Allusion: A non-explicit reference to something or someone else.
Example: To tell you the truth, it was sort of embarrassing, in a way, to be talking about Romeo and
Juliet with her. I mean that play gets pretty sexy in some parts (The Catcher in the Rye
Synecdoche: A term for part of something that refers to a whole thing.
Example: I may there discover the wondrous power which attracts the needle; and may
regulate a thousand celestial observations, that require only this voyage to render their
Metaphor: A literary figure of speech in which a word or phrase is used to represent one thing
with something else that literally does not apply. The purpose is to suggest an affinity between
Example: Now hes out in Hollywood, D.B., being a prost
Imagery: The use of vivid and descriptive language to add depth. It appeals to human senses to deepen
the reader's understanding
Example: When I left the skating rink I felt sort of hungry, so I went in this drug store and had a Swiss
cheese sandwich and
Hyperbole: An exaggerated statement used to create emphasis. Not meant to be taken literally.
Example: She has about five thousand notebooks. You never saw a kid with so many
notebooks. (The Catcher in the Rye 208)
Function: This hyperbolic statement desc
Repetition: A literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to
make an idea clearer.
Example: To die away from himself[He] died a heron death. A dead jackal lay on the
sandy bank, and Siddharthas soul slipped into the cadaver, was a d
Anaphora: The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.
Example: In the shade of the house, in the sunshine near the boats on the riverbank, in the
shade of the fig tree, Siddhartha grew up (Siddhartha pg.3)
Rhetorical Question: A question that has no expected answer. Asked not to be answered, but to be
Example: Splendid were the offerings and the invoking a of the godsbut was that all there was? Did
the offerings bring happiness? And what abou
Metonymy: The substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing
Example: The ermine toque was alone, she smiled more brightly than ever. (Miss Brill
Function: Miss Brill is at the fair and is watching and observing t