What is Intelligence?
How would you know that someone is
intelligent? List the characteristics or
behaviours that you associate with
Definition of Intelligence
Intelligence can be defined as whatever
A process of receiving information about, and making sense of, the world around us.
It involves deciding which information to notice, how to categorize this information &
how to interpret it within the framework of our existing knowl
Extrinsic motivation occurs when we are motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an
activity in order to earn a reward or avoid a punishment.
Examples of behaviors that are the result of extrinsic motivation include:
What are the five goals of psychology?
1. Describe - The first goal is to observe behavior and describe, often in minute detail, what
was observed as objectively as possible
2. Explain - While descriptions come from observable data, psychologists must go
Piagets Cognitive Stages
Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to 2 years)
During the early stages, infants are only aware of what is immediately in front of them. They
focus on what they see, what they are doing, and physical interactions with their immediate
Type A personality traits:
Doing 2 or more things together
Failing to notice minute details in environment
If something you want to do well, do it yourself
Having difficulty in sitting and doing nothing