Chapter 15: The ThreeDimensional Shape of
Isomers are different compounds with the same molecular
Constitutional isomers differ in the way atoms are
connected to each other.
Chapter 12: Alkanes
Alkanes are hydrocarbons having only CC and CH
Alkanes that contain chains of C atoms but no rings are
called acyclic alkanes and have the general formula
Alkane names will end with the suffix ane
Chapter 11: Introduction to Organic
Molecules and Functional Groups
Introduction to Organic Chemistry
In the beginning of the 19th century, chemical compounds
were classified as inorganic and organic.
Organic compounds were classified as coming from livi
Chapter 13: Unsaturated
Alkenes, Alkynes and Aromatics
(rose and germanium oil)
(orange and lemon oil)
(cis unsaturated fatty acid
~55-80% of olive oil)
(trans unsaturated fa
Why this chapter?
For hundreds of years, fruits, vegetables, and grains
have been fermented to produce alcoholic beverages
that contain ethanol.
Hydroxyl (OH) groups are very important in many
biomolecules like sugars (glucose, f