le. we ETD Ear-raw Ca, ions
WHAT, I BELIEVE
13:, Dar-nned RuSSi ll
NATURE AN D MAN
Man is a art of Natu not
something contrasted with Nature. His
thoughts and his bodily movements
follow the same laws that describe the
motions of stars and a
CAS RN 106
DEATH AND IMMORTALITY
Professor Stephen Prothero
Office: 145 Bay State Road, 3d Floor
Office Hours: TT 1-2 pm
E-mail: [email protected]
Teaching Fellows: Benae Beamon ([email protected]); Johnathan Kelly (jikelly
Founder: Muhammad, as a man of the sword
Holy Book: Quran, as a text of wrath
Islam: submission or surrender
- salaam (peace)
- Muslims greet one another with Salaam alaykum (Peace be upon you) and
respond with Wa alaykum as salaam (And upon
Near Death Experiences (NDEs) and out-of-body experiences (OBEs)
man is part of nature
There is a part of brain that can function outside the body.
1970s: study people who seems to have dead and then come back
1980s: book the life beyond
- Greek philosophy
- The view that whether God exists or not is unknown
- Agnosticism is a doctrine rather than a religion
- Greek philosophy
- the belief that there is no God
- Atheism is contrasted with theism
- a lifestyl
The Good Death (Socrates, Buddha, Jesus)
* What makes for a good death? *
Lived full life
Out of your control (not because of your error or your stupidity)
Old age: you die old because of natural causes
go down in hist
Islam, Christianity, Judaism (Abrahamic religion)
- In Christianity, Abraham is an exemplar of the efficacy of faith without law and of faith as
such. He was believed to have been one of the just liberated by Christ on his descent into hell.
He is very anxious at first. Eventually, he got reincarnation. He realized how to
get out of the cycle. He does not know he actually get out of the cycle. He tried to
find the meaning of life. He just wanted to help people naturally without
Introduction of Purified by Fire
1. Is ritual indispensable or useless?
Which one is more ritualistic? Burial or cremation
2. Is the body a temple or a tomb?
Incarnation of divine spirit; Incarnation of God in a human body
Why cremation is a bad thing in
Meditation: how things change, transience
Following your breath in and out; what happening to your body
You start to observe your body; you may feel comfortable, relaxed. Something hurt in
your shoulder, different body, state changes. Th
Gilgamesh lands from the spectrum of death accepting to death-denying.
When Enkidu tried to talk Gilgamesh out of going to fight Humbaba. Gilgamesh
replied to Enkidu that since we all have to die, we should accomplish some great
deeds and make a name for
God Is Not Great
By Christopher Hitchens, new atheism in 1890s,
religion was largely private
preaches servility and solipsism(sin)
preaches sexual repression
You are horrible creature. There is no
3/17/ 2016 Buddhism
No God, No Faith, No revelation
The Way of Awakening
A fairy tale about someone who has everything and decides to give it all away.
-the prince: Sidhartha Gaautama/Shakyamuni (Sage of the Shakya Clan)
-6th century B.C.E
Christianity puts emphasis on having the right belief, more than one religion.
Judaism does not require people to believe in God.
Trinity: there is one god. This god can be seen as three persons.
o soft monotheism (not radical or stron
Death in Israelite and Jewish Traditions
Prof. Jonathan Klawans
Body soul combination
How does this model emerge? Islam and Judaism
1) To chart a historical transformation, a dramatic change in attitudes toward
death, from biblical Israel to Ancien
You theorize from actual things.
Funeral service. You can cite other peoples view
Based on your theorization, what actually
How they treat body on their life? You can just choose life.
- 2-hour exam; essay exam
- Giving 3 essays writing 2.
I. Extraordinary circumstances reveal limitations of the mind-brain relationship
a. The hypothesis: consciousness is the product of brain processes.
b. Extraordinary circumstance: mind continued function even if the brain is
II. NDEs: physiologicall
- The shared scripture of Hindus
- The sacred center in North India
- the vicious cycle of life, death, and rebirth
- spiritual liberation; freeing the soul from bondag
Life has been reversed by death, and now death will be reversed by life.
The spirit of the one who has died is unwilling immediately to leave its bodily
The living still feel to that same body
What precisely is the nature of the loss