Survey of Anatomy and Physiology
Riverside Community College
Text: Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 9th Ed
Form is For Function
We See This in bones
when we look at a
Processes are for
attachment of muscles,
tendons and ligaments.
Openings such as foramen
are for nerves and blood
We Can See
Form For Function
In Both The
Bones and The Skeletal System
Function of Bones
1. Protection- of soft tissues and organs.
2. Movement muscles attached to bones=
function as levers.
3. Storage of minerals (Calcium and
Phosphorous) and lipids ( yellow marrow)
4. Blood Cell Formation- hem
Chapter 4: Integumentary System
What is it?
The skin and its derivatives (sweat and oil
glands, hair and nails) serve a number of
functions, mostly protective.
Epidermis outer layer
How do cells stay together?
How do they communicate? ( allow
chemical ions to tra vel to and fro)
We call these JUNCTIONS ( Next)
Chapter 3: The Cell
Anatomy of the Cell
Cells are not all the same
All cells share general structures
Cells are organized into three main
Cells: The Simplest Unit of Li
Special Properties of Water due to Hbonding.
1. Its the UNIVERSAL SOLVENT
2. COHESIVE: water molecules stick
together. This creates whats called
surface tension on bodies of liquid water.
3. High SPECIFIC HEAT; This means it
gains and loses heat S.L.O.W.L
What is Anatomy and Physiology?
Anatomy- Study of the structure and shape of
the body and its parts. Study of form.
Gross Anatomy: you can see these
structures with the naked eye. i.e (a femur)
Microanatomy, also called histology views
the tissues of
The stomach is divided into four areas: Cardia, fundus, body, and pylorus.
Cardia- surrounds the superior opening of the stomach near the esophagus.
Fundus- the ballon-like portion above and to the left of the cardia which acts as a