1. You just started as a production executive in a food ingredient manufacturing company. Currently,
ball mill is being used to grind the food colour. You find out that the operators use the highest
speed with smaller balls (diameter = 3 c
1.0 Introduction to
1.1 Review of the Analytical Strategy
1.2 Instrumental Analysis Methods
1.3 Basic of Instrumental Measurement
1.4 Preparation of Standards
1.5 Blanks and Controls
1.6 Laboratory Data Acquisition & Information
Lipids are naturally exist as an organic compound, which also known as fat and oils.
Lipid occur or can be obtain from lots of sources such as microorganisms, plants, animals and
all types of cells. Lipids help the cells to build a wall stru
How type I and type II diabetes occur?
Type 1 Diabetes
Occur when lack of insulin
Beta cells in pancreas had been destroy
Immune system mistakenly attack beta cells and cause less or
no insulin to be produce
Type II diabetes
Known as insulin resistanc
Lauric acid is actually a saturated fatty acid. This acid also known as dodecanoic acid
which contain 12 carbon atom chain, fall as a medium length chain of fatty acids. Besides
that, lauric acid is also makes up from 50% of the coconut oil a
Determination of the Lactose in Cheese By the Phenol Colorimetric Method.
To determine the lactose content in cheese by the phenol colorimetric method.
Lactose is disaccharides that present in milk. So, we can
To determine the efficiency of fermentation versus respiration of yeast
To examine the effect of the two inhibitors of fermentation which is fluoride ions and
bisulphate ions on fermentation pathway.
Yeast cells are eukaryotic m
To investigate the effect of pH on the catalytic activity of the enzyme fumarase.
Fumarase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration or dehydration of
fumarate to malate. The fumarate hydration reaction is the seventh s
Determination of the free fatty acids and acid value in fats and oils.
To determine the acid value and free fatty acids of fats and oils through the hydrolysis of
There are about forty naturally
To study the method of auscultation of heart sounds.
To know the characters of the normal heart sounds.
To know the effect of various type of activities on heart beating rate.
To determine the different levels of exercise on blood pressure
Lab 3: Acid Content in Orange Juice
To determine the acid content in orange juice in terms of citric acid equivalent.
Table 1 Titre volume of NaOH standard solution
Initial reading (mL)
Final reading (mL)
1. How do ferrous ions catalyze the formation of free radicals?
Fenton reagent is defined as a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and ferrous iron as a
catalyst that is used to oxidize the waste waters. Iron (II) is oxidized by hydrogen
peroxide to i
Score card for Hedonic Rating Scale
INSTRUCTIONS: Taste the sample and tick at the box that best describe your liking
opinion for each characteristics. You can taste the sample more than once if its needed.
Sample Code: 793