HIV 101: INTRODUCTION TO HIV/AIDS
NATURE AND CONCEPT OF
HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human: It is transmitted only between
human beings. It is not transmitted between
humans and animals.
BASIC FACTS ABOUT
HIV and AIDS
Why so much attention?
Which category of people are suffering from?
Why has the disease attracted so much attention in all
countries of the world?
The disease infects and affects people of all countries,
Impacts of HIV/AIDS contd
Income, Education, National Security
and National Development
Impacts on income
HIV/AIDS affects individual, household, firm and
HIV/AIDS reduces individual incomes in the following ways:
HIV stigma and discrimination
Concept of stigma
The issue of stigma manifests in all facets of human life and
behaviour. For instance, at the cultural level, certain groups
or individuals are stigmatized owing to their ethnic
Impacts of HIV/AIDS in Africa
HIV/AIDS has become a number-one killer of men and women in
many African countries.
Seven out of ten newly infected people are in Africa.
More than 30million people have died of AIDS and 80% were
Regional HIV and AIDS Statistics
The number of people living with HIV worldwide
continued to grow in 2008, reaching an estimated
33.4 million [31.1 million35.8 million].
The total number of people living with the virus in
HIV Treatment & Care
HIV slowly attacks the immune system, causing
people infected with the virus to gradually
succumb (give away) to a variety of illnesses
they would normally be able to resist.
Medical treatment for HIV infectio
GENDER AND HIV/AIDS
Definition of Sex
It is the biological make up of a
person: - male or female
It is largely fixed by nature.
Can now be changed through
Definition of Gender
Gender is defined as the roles,
HIV Prevention, Counselling and
HIV Prevention (1)
Saving lives is the paramount (supreme) goal
of all HIV programmes. Successful HIV
prevention programmes utilize all approaches
known to be effective, not implementing one
or a few sele