Experiment No. 6
e/m Experiment (Magnetron Method)
To determine e/m (Specific Charge) for an electron by magnetron method.
e/m apparatus consisting of power supply fitted with voltmeter and ammeter to read anode
voltage (in volts),
Experiment No. 10
To determine Planck's Constant 'h' by measuring radiation in a fixed spectral range.
The complete experimental arrangement as shown in figure (1) consists of filament bulb with a filter
fitted to it,
Experiment No. 3
Four Probe Method
Study the temperature dependence of resistivity of a semiconductor (Four probe method)
determine band gap of experimental material (Ge).
Four probe apparatus, sample (a Ge crystal in form
Experiment No. 13
Aim : To determine the wavelength of sodium light by Newtons ring.
Apparatus Required : A plano-convex lens of large radius of curvature, optical arrangement for Newtons rings, plane
glass plate, sodium lamp and travelling
Experiment No. 1
Magnetic Field (Helmholtz Coils)
1. To study the variation of magnetic field with position of paired coils in Helmholtz arrangement along
the axis of the coils carrying current .
2. To study the principle of super imposition of magnet
Experiment No. 2
To determine the Stefans constant using vacuum tube Diode EZ- 81
Apparatus Used :
Complete Experimental set-up, diode EZ-81, Ammeter, Voltmeter.
In the experiment we use a commercially available vacuum diode EZ-81 w
Errors in Measurement
Measurement is the basis of scientific study. All measurements are, however, approximate values (not true values) within the
limitation of measuring device, measuring environment, process of measurement and human error . If you measu
Experiment No. 4
To determine the mass susceptibility of paramagnetic solution by Quincke's method .
Apparatus used :
Quincke's tube fitted on stand, Electromagnet capable of producing magnetic field of about 10 K gauss
with power su
EXPERIMENT NO. 7
To determine the first excitation potential of gas (Argon) by Franck-Hertz experiment.
Tetrode tube filled with experimental Argon gas, filament, power supply three variable voltage sources,
Experiment No. 14
Plancks constant measuring with filters
1. To determine Plancks Constant and work function using photo electric effect.
2. To verify inverse square law of radiation.
Apparatus used: Experimental set up for measurement of Plancks con
Experiment No. 11
Quarter Wave Plate
To study the nature of polarization of laser light using photo cell and quarter wave plate.
He-Ne laser with built in power supply, Stand for laser , polarizer and analyzer . quarter wave plate, la
Experiment No. 9
Single Slit Diffraction
To study the intensity distribution due to diffraction from single slit and to determine the slit
Optical bench, He-Ne Laser, screen with a rectangular slit, photo cell, micro ammeter
Experiment No. 17
To determine the velocity of ultrasonic waves in a liquid.
Apparatus and accessories:
A double walled cylindrical vessel (B) containing the experimental liquid, an RF power oscillator and a
quartz crystal (frequency
Experiment No. 8
To determine the relation ship between the intensity of the transmitted light through analyzer and
' , the angle between the axes of polarizer and analyzer and to verify Malus Law.
Apparatus Used :
A diode laser, a polar
Experiment No. 5
B H curve
To study B-H curve and to find out the values of coercivity, retentivity and saturation magnetisation of
experimental material. (commercial Nickel).
Apparatus Used :
Set up for B-H curve, experimental material (commercial
List of Experiments for B. Tech. 1st Year Physics Laboratory
1. To determine the magnetic field of paired coils in Helmholtz arrangement. -(02)
2. To determine the value of Stefans constant. -(03)
3. To determine the resistivity of a semic
Experiment No. 15
To calculate the Youngs modulus of elasticity of the material of a bar by the method of flexure.
Experimental set up, a spirit level, a meter scale, a screw gauge and a vernier caliper.
Experiment No. 16
Aim: To verify Stokes law and hence to determine the coefficient of viscosity of a highly viscous liquid.
Apparatus and Accessories:
A glass cylinder of about 5 cm(or more) in diameter and about 100 cm in length, few spherical
M.sc.integrated 2nd year
PH-201M Course Title: Optics
1. Searls Optical method.
2. Nodel Slide Experiment
3. Determination of wavelength of light by diffraction grating.
4. Determination of Youngs models of a glass plate by Cornus method.
5. Dispersive po
1/9/2017 Discrete Mathematics Sets
Discrete Mathematics - Sets
German mathematician G. Cantor introduced the concept of sets. He had dened a set as
1/9/2017 Discrete Mathematics Functions
Discrete Mathematics - Functions
A Function assigns to each element of a set, exactly one element of
NUMBER SYSTEM CONVERSION
There are many methods or techniques which can be used to convert numbers from one base to
another. We'll demonst
1/9/2017 Discrete Mathematics Relations
Discrete Mathematics - Relations
Whenever sets are being discussed, the relationship between the ele
COMPUTER LOGICAL ORGANIZATION - OVERVIEW
In the modern world of electronics, the term Digital is generally associated with a computer
because the term Dig
E & CE Department, IIT Roorkee, Spring 2016-17
Digital Logic Design (ECN 104)
Each student has to submit the tutorial solution on the forthcoming tutorial session without
Each tutorial carries 10 marks.
Exercise BF i 11min
1 6 95cm in 67.5 C 57.5 ii (13.6-5.Z)min
d 92.5 e 35 = 54m"
y. b p = 32. q = 3
777777-771 . 4 a Mark: I cf
20 s m < 30 2 2
0 20 Av 60 so 1:701qu 30$m<40 3 5
2 a 14 b 79 c 75 4o:m<5o 5 101
d 82 e 7 50sm<60 7 17
" 60sm< 7o 6 23
+7 1 ii
Government Tools in the Economy
THE FEDERAL RESERVE AND MONETARY POLICY
In the United States, the responsibility for regulating how much money there is in the
economy goes to the Federal Reserve System (the Fed). Monetary policy is the action by the