CRM day 9
New Theories New Practices
-Sanction: Recent development, like a 300-year phenomenon
-Roman Empire: Prisons were used as holding cells while they wait for their punishment
- Middle Ages: Holding cells
-Deplorable conditions in these holdi
Chapter 10: sentencing alternatives
What are intermediate sanctions:
What are some advantages?
Not all crimes are prison deserving
Can focus on rehabilitat
Legal foundations and Criminal Justice:
Where did Canadian criminal law come from?
Derived from British common law.
Originated during the reign of Henry 2 (1154-1189)
Re-defined private wrongs as crimes against the state.
Not written down.
Crime and deviance:
Relative to time - same sex relations against the law in 1969 but not rape.
Prohibition. Same acts but how we define them that have changed over time.
Smoking in pubic. Clothing attire. Only women could be a victim of rape.
New Theories: New Practices:
In labor scarce America, imprisonment was not a wise use of
Debt imprisonment: those unable to pay were thrown in jail. In
the first three decades of the nineteenth century there was a
campaign to abolish impr
Criminal Vs. Restorative Justice
What laws have been broken?
Who did it?
How should they be punished?
Who has been hurt?
What are their needs?
Who is responsible for making things right?
Restorative justice: Reintegrati
Pretrial Criminal Procedures:
What is a jailhouse informant?
Awaiting trial or sentencing and claim to have heard another prisoner make a
guilty statement. In exchange for a possible shorter sentence. English
Common Law had the approver system people cou
Criminology Readings for Final:
Resistance reflects Africans remarkable resilience and helps us to understand the
institutions and ideologies developed.
Many tried to run away- saw the greatest opportunity to escape when being passed
LETS PLAY. . .
LIFE DURING THE 18TH CENTURY:
Shift from feudalism to
early forms of capitalism
Need new forms of
INTELLECTUAL CONTEXT :
THE AGE OF THE
THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES
England broken up into
Princes held absolute
power within own borders
Communications was poor
Law was localized
William of Normandy won
battle over King Harold
Became ruler of England
Lay an information?
Written document that is sworn before a justice of the peace or judge and this
document indicates the individual who has allegedly committed the crime and what
the crime was. Can occur before arrest or search. Judge is impartial.
People excluded from jury duty:
Doctors, lawyers, dentist
If you have an experience with the trial
Mental or physical handicapped
If you are unable to read or write
If you not from the province, jurisdiction
Anyone affiliated w
-How and why was the jail tour relevant to you as a CRM Student
A) Reflect on what you learned about, what you think of and how you can feel about Canadas
past practices of imprisonment and punishment as they were carried out in the fo
CRM class 5
-In the light of the different forms of power governing during the Roman Empire, throughout
the early and late middle ages, as well as during the Age of the monarchy, the Renaissance and
the Age of Enlightenment, c
Crim Day 7
Shift from the Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance
Changes: New relations of power
-Literacy and knowledge (printing press)
-Discovery of the new world (also led to destruction of colonies)
-Challenges to Church
King: Assumes supernatural autho
Charles Goring The English Convict (1913)
- Lombroso felt that the criminal was inferior, and mentally incompetent
their connection to the ape made them not be able to control their behavior,
THE DEMONIC PERSPECTIVE
WHAT TO DO WITH THE
SALEM WITCH TRIALS Exodus
22:18 Thou shalt not suffer
a witch to live.
for the cause and cure of deviant behavior in the realm of the
Crime is increasing
Most people are victimized
People over 65 are most
likely to be victims of crime
Poor people are much more
likely to commit crime than
Violent crime inflicts the
most harm on people in
CRM1301F - History of Criminological Thought
The Emergence of Prisons
What causes crime ?
social disorder : a lack of discipline in society
traditional institutions and values have broken down
lenient criminal justi
The inquisitional chair:
Could put heat into the chair and scold the person.
Contained traps that would got tighter
Also had metal spikes all over the frame.
Triangle pointed stool
Added weights on arm so the impact was more intense
Revisiting Lombroso - DeLisi
Theory of atavism argues that criminals are evolutionarily backwards to the average
Manner in which they write and talk
Size and shape of skull, hands, ears, forehead
Criminals are born
1. The Classical School
-The classical school of criminology developed the 1st organized thoughts on crime, criminals, and a
criminal justice system.
2. Heritage Of The Classical School
The Classical School was essentially a product of events in European
Dpartement de criminologie | Department of Criminology
120 Universit / 120 University, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5
HISTORY OF CRIMINOLOGICAL THOUGHT
CRM 1301 E
Professor Christine Gervais
Day 1: Wednesday
Day 2: Friday
Directions to Jail Tour
75 Nicholas Street
7 pm nightly tour
Take notes for 2'“! mid~term; keep receipt for full mid-term mark
Directions: East of
REVIEW for Mid-Term 1
Winter 201 3
Mid-Term Date and Time:
Monday. February 4, 2013 @ 4pm
1 1/4 hour
Part A: Short Answer (approx. 15 Q)
Part B: Fill in the Blanks (approx. 10 Q)
Part C: Critical Analysis (approx. 5 Q)
Part D: Multipl
o marginal social location (poverty)
lndustrial Revolution 8. Urbanization (Poverty)
Fear of the Dangerous Classes
Science 8. Statistics
' ' Hl§TQBl§AL MATERIALIﬁM:
o method of inquiry; history from ma
THE RISE OF SCIENCE
'- i- BIOLOGICAL POSITIVISM
Dangerous Classes :
= Need for State to have “Info” on Citizens
= Need to Control
POLICE : gather information
PRISONS : study captive population
Higher Crime Rates
CRIM MIDTERM 2
Advent of Prisons
Prisons are sanction (penalty for disobeying the law) and of recent development.
Roman Empire: holding cells and penal servitude.
Modern Age: Holding cells
Debtors prison (people incapable to pay for their debts are incarc
The Late Middle Ages To Renaissance
Numerous social, polictical, economic changes
Politics equals centralized power, more power to the monarchy,
Church vs state contest for power
Emergence of nation states
Academia, better education, universitie
CRM 1301 - KNOWLEDGE, POWER AND PUNISHMENT
Analysis of Amistad
You are encouraged to reflect on how the knowledge (in the form of theories and perspectives
and critiques) that we have explored thus far helps us to understand the content of the film
Crim Day 8
Classical Crim continued.
Why Do People Commit Crimes
-Hedonism (maximize gain and minimize our pain): People are built to prioritize what we can
gain and make decisions on that regard, a lot of selfishness in this idea
-Rational and free wille
CRM Day 3
Early Middle Ages and Roman Empire: The Demonic Perspective
The Demonic Perspective
-Oldest known perspective
-Deviance = Sin. Very spiritual components
-Cause = Supernatural.
Fear, people did not have better explanations for things that were ha
1st Part: Mid term since last test
-Short Answer, Critical Analysis, Multiple Choice
2nd Part Overview of entire course
-2 essays and charts
Q1: Evolution of Theories
Q2: Evolution of punishments/Responses
Documentary; Ecce Homo
CRM 1300 Day 4
-Witches were believed to be Worshipers of the Devil
-Renaissance was the time period of the Which Craze
-Womens power was associated with death
-Halloween was a pagan holiday with sinful acts
-Female power=something evil
-When Africa was c