43 BC -
Octavian defeats Antonius Antonius flees and goes west to meet Lepidus
Octavian marches to Rome with 8 legions and is made consul
Second Trimvarte is formed Antonius , Octavius, Lepidus
Battle of Phillipi - Octavian and Antonius defeat Bruts and C
The Romans encompassed many cultures including what is now Britain, Spain, North
Africa to Turkey; Greeks, Jews, etc
Romans were good at assimilating cultures, taking what they liked
753AD - 1483AD Romans had significance
Test 1 Lecture Notes
Pomeranium was the sacred line to not cross
Is was crossed and rome was officially created April 21St 753 BC
Rome- south east side of tiber
Alba Ionga is beneath the alba noret
All near thethanian sea
Rome is by the seven hi
There is a civil war, but it is all being fought in the eastern half of the empire. Severus does manage to
defeat and assassinate Pescinnius Niger. Since Severus is there with his and Pescennius army he decides
to go after the Parthians. Thats in
Terms of the Treaty:
*Treaty is between Rome and the Latin League
Four basic parts:
1. Eternal peace
2. Military Cooperation against third party aggressors what that means is if someone attacks
somewhere Latin, Rome will help them and vice versa. When the
Achaean league. Greece never called itself Greece. The area we called Greece were city states and
referred to themselves as Achaea. Its all these Greek city states that have all banded together, and that
Rome came to help them.
The Achaean League
*Last Class before the next test* Not Cumulative THANK GOD
Once youre consul you go into the lottery to see whether you can get picked to be a provincial governor.
Caesar got chosen for the province that he wanted cheated a little bit. The provin
*Test will only go as far as we get today*
Military/ Political History:
Last we saw 272BC Rome captures Torentum. Soon all of Italy falls to the Romans.
273BC envoys from King Ptolemy 2nd in Egypt (Pharaoh) asks for a treaty with Rome. Never from
Gaius Gracchus was also tribune of the plebs, ten years after his brother (Tiberius Gracchus) in 123 and
was re-elected in 122.
Saw what happened to his brother so he didnt want to do big things, so he was going to do little things
so that nobody
Social History/Daily Life:
Girls would be married off to allies or to friends of their fathers. Consequently, they would end up having
husbands much older than they were. Roman girls could become Matronae at the age of 13 or 14. Ew.
*Moving into the Middle Republic now*
They go back into Northern Italy/ Cisalpine Gaul and make sure that they are pacified. Go over the alps
into Gallia Narbonensis itself which is named after the major city thats there Narbo. They then move
Tiberius, Gaius, Nero pretty bad
Claudius pretty good
*kind of thing he might ask on a test
Adoptive emperors: Nero Marcus Aurelius
None of them, until Marcus Aurelius had any children. So they just adopted the person that they thought
would be t
Daily Life/ Social History:
Basic sword that a gladiator used was a roman military sword. The swords for the military evolved as
time went on. Form follows function with a sword. Swords are designed to be used in certain, specific
Military and Political History:
*The only map we have to know is in the syllabus
At the point where Rome was founded there was an island in the Tiber, and there was another little
tributary heading off to the middle-east. When you come in from the sea, th
Daily Life/ Social History:
Toilet stuff will be on the test okok*
Conclave & Forica: public toilets
The romans developed a very efficient toilet flushes all the time and are very clean. Everywhere you go
in the roman world, you will find toilets that are
Hannibal has invaded italy and defeated Rome four time in three years.
216BC the battle of Cannae worst ever defeat of Rome.
215BC Hannibal sets up his army in Capua.
ALSO in 215BC Hannibal gets help from two places Philip the 5 th of Macedon and Syracuse
3. Foederatae: allies of Rome. They dont have to pay taxes, or pay tribute. These cities retain their
independence. There are two kinds. They have to supply troops and have to abide by Roman foreign
policy. For entire cities ov
Military+ Political History (Mythology):
Romulus is the first King of Rome. There are seven Kings of Rome. Rome is divided into fourteen regions.
One of the things that Romulus did was to attract people by offering a special absolution. Anybody from
Cn. Pompeius (called Pompey)
The three mentioned at thye end of last lecture were making sure that they were on the right side.
*Marius was consul SEVEN times.
Sulla actually besieges Rome, in 82BC. Eventually he does win. They get into Rome and
Julio Claudians: recap, Including 27BC-AD68
One of the problems that major emperors have is if theyre raised in the palace as spoiled brats they take
that attitude with them as an emperor. Up until the fourth century, when we get Christian empero
Dates for the test -> 237-44 Midterm 2 Not Cumulative
Starting today is the 50% of the exam material
Brutus and Cassius were right in thinking that Caesar wanted to be king, and thats why he was
assassinated. All you have to do is assassinate Cae
CLA 1102 Social History
There was no city planning in Rome so streets were dysfunctional;
buildings built in a mishmash
Had a population of 750 000 1 million (only surpassed by London in
o 730 people/ha; noisy, smelly; crime, air pollution
CLA 1102 - History
Mythical History of Rome
The god and goddess Peleus and Thetis were having a wedding, inviting
everyone except Discordia
Discordia, pissed off, crafted a golden apple, inscribed For the most
beautiful on it, and dropped it in the middle
From 31-23 BC, Octavian was elected consul year after year. He used the power of the
consul to get through the reforms. He knew how to make reforms better than Sulla and
January 13th 27 BC, he handed all his power back to the Senate and be
*Rome wanted to start the war against Carthage because of the mercenaries in
Messana. They used those mercenaries as an excuse to go to war. It lasted for 23-24
years from 264-241 BC (exam).
There is one major problem: Carthage was the greatest seafaring
Need to know all of the provinces from number 2-50
Palace comes from palatine
Romulus: just disappeared, 1st king
Numa Pomphilius: 2nd king, votes by autocracy
Tullus Hostilius: 3rd king
Ancus Marcus: grandson of pompilius
Marius won the war against Jugurtha in Numidia and he is the reformer of the army with
now the army getting paid.
Because of all these problems that Italy are facing back home, the Roman army is losing,
Roman commander and army not as s
The first they thought they should do to prevent the smoking and burning was to build a wall. They
started with a gigantic circuit wall (10km long, 4m thick and 10m high) to keep out the Senones in the
future. A lot of this wall still survives.
The wall w
Things that cause the end of the Republic:
1. The acceptance of violence as a political tool. Starts with Gaius Gracchus when his is killed by the
2. Overambitious men created by the unchecked, ruthless competition for wealth, power and
prestige as a
Res Publica means literally the state. The romans refer to the state even under the emperor.
Instead of having a king to run everything they have two consuls (Legislative head of the state, military
head of the state become generals incase of war, act as
*Have two sections, one for Political History and for Social History/Daily Life
*Use roman names on the test.
Mythological Story of Rome:
begins with a wedding of divine proportions of Peleus and Thetis.
They are the parents of Achilleus.
The gods invite