Inductive Reasoning: We want to be able to distinguish inductive arguments from deductive ones, identify
the four special kinds of inductive argument (enumerative induction, statistical syllogism, analogical
induction, and case-building argument), assess
PART ONE: COMPOUND CLAIMS IN SENTENTIAL FORM
These exercises will introduce the skill of interpreting and reading claims and arguments in
sentential form.
A. Basic Exercises in Sentential Form. Put each of the following claims in sentential form,
identify
For each of the following cases, (i) write down an entry for each observation, noting which factors are
present in each case; (ii) identify by name which of Mill's Methods is going to help us identify the relevant
factor or cause; (iii) identify the relev
Analyzing Complex Arguments: Standard Form and Arrow Diagrams
Identify the arguments in the following passages, and show this by putting the arguments in standard
form. These examples will involve complex arguments, i.e. arguments that have intermediate
c
A. Analytic Statements:
There's not much in the way of practical exercises that we need to study for these classes, as most of the
material is conceptual in nature. But one basic skill we can practice is simply to make sure that we're
able to distinguish
Analyzing Complex Arguments: Standard Form and Arrow Diagrams
Identify the arguments in the following passages, and show this by putting the arguments in standard
form. These examples will involve complex arguments, i.e. arguments that have intermediate
c
1. [At least one of the following propositions is true:] (1) [the human species is very likely to go
extinct before reaching a posthuman stage] Accepted By Background Beliefs; (2) [any
posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant numb
A. Basic Practice With Analyzing Arguments
In the homework exercise for Class Seven, Part Three, A1 ("Basic Practice With Standard Form") you put
eight simple arguments in standard form. Go back to these answers from this previous exercise, and
complete t
5
Idea for a Universal History from a
Cosmopolitan Point of View
Enlightenment
centered on reason as the
primary source of authority
and legitimacy, and came to
advance ideals such as liberty,
progress, tolerance, fraternity,
constitutional government, an
Tutorial Exercises (2)
Consider the truth-tables below:
T
T
F
F
T
T
T
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
T
T
T
F
T
F
F
T
T
T
F
F
F
F
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
F
F
T
T
T
F
F
1. Classify the formulas , , , etc., as tautologous, contingent, or contradictory.
2. Which of the foll
Philosophy 2170: Logic I (Fall 2016)
Assignment 1: Due Monday, 26 September
1. Classify the following arguments as either: (i) Sound; (ii) Valid but not
sound; or (iii) neither valid nor sound. In cases (ii) and (iii), give a brief
explanation of your ver
Tutorial Exercises (5)
P ROOF
EXERCISES .
Proofs with , ,
1. A (A B)
6. A A
2. B (A B)
7. A A
3. A B (A B)
8. A A
4. (A B) A B
9. A B, A B
10. A B, A B
5. (A B) A B
Proofs with arrows:
1. P P
2. P (Q P )
3. Q P Q
4. P Q, Q R P R
5. P P Q
6. P Q, Q P
7. P
Tutorial Exercises (3)
I. Symbolize the following, using the dictionary provided:
Dictionary: S: Sam will go/goes/went to the store. D: Dave will go/goes/went to
the store. M: Sam will be/is/was out of milk. T: Dave will be/is/was tired. C: The store
will
6
Nature and the Importance of Positive Philosophy
August Comte
Biography
1798 (Montpellier) 1857 (Paris)
"Love as a principle and order as the basis; Progress as the goal
Coined the term sociology = social physics
emphasized on a quantitative, mathe
Philosophy 2170: Logic I (Fall 2016)
Assignment 3: Due Wednesday, 19 October
P ROBLEMS
FROM
T EXT:
Exercises 2.5.1, Part I, (p. 37 ff): # 16, 42, 48, 60
Exercises 2.7.2, pp. 6164: Part III, # 3; Part IV, # 4; Part V, # 7 (You may abbreviate the truth-tabl
Tutorial Exercises (1)
A) Is it a formula? If so, what is the main operator? Construct parse trees for the
formulas.
1. (A B)
2. (A B)
3. (A B)
4. A B
5. (A (B C) D)
6. (A (B C) (D E)
7. (A B) C) D)
8. A B C
9. (B (C D) F )
10. A (B (C D E)
11. A B
12. (A
Philosophy 2170: Logic I (Fall 2016)
Assignment 2: Due Wednesday, 5 October
Exercises 2.5.1, pp. 37ff:
Part I, # 6, 20, 35, 40
Exercises 2.7.2 (p. 6164):
Part I, # 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13
Part II, # 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13
Exercises 2.6.1, pp. 4751:
Part I, #
8
Capitalism and the Modern Labor Process
Karl Marx + Friedrich
Engels
Philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist.
Let the ruling classes tremble at a communist
revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose
but their chains. They have a world to
Philosophy 2170: Logic I (Fall 2016)
Assignment 4: Due Wednesday, 16 November
P ROBLEMS FROM TEXT:
Exercises 2.5.1, Part I (p. 3740), # 22, 23, 62, 83
Exercises 2.8.4, Part I (p. 8487): # 16, 35, 44, 50
Exercises 2.10.6, pp. 105112:
Part I, # 15, 17
Part
Tutorial Exercises (4)
Beneath each form are listed several formulas. Which of these are instances of the
given form?
1.
(a) A B
(b) A B
(c) A B
(d) (A B)
(e) (P Q) (R S)
2. ( )
(a) P (Q R)
(b) P (Q R)
(c) P (Q R)
(d) (P Q) (P Q)
(e) (P Q) (P Q) R)
(f) (
Handy Reference I. Propositional Logic:
Characteristic truth-tables:
T
F
T
T
F
F
T
F
T
F
T
F
F
F
F
T
T
T
T
F
T
F
T
T
T
F
F
T
Definitions: Semantic concepts
Definition: A valuation of a logical situation (e.g. a formula, set of formulas, or argument form)
Tutorial Exercises (6)
TABLEAU
PRACTICE .
I. Construct tableaux for the following conditions:
1. T [A B]
11. T [A B]
2. F [A B]
12. T [(A B)]
3. T [A B]
13. F [(P Q) R]
4. F [A B]
14. F [(P Q) (R S)]
5. T [A B]
15. T [P (Q R)]
6. F [A B]
16. T [(P Q) R]
7
1.
a) Valid but not sound. The form of this argument is good. Some D are M. So some
M are D. However, the premise is not true. All dogs are mammals, not just some
dogs are mammals.
b) Sound.
c) Valid but not sound. The form of this argument is good, but t
Three ways to get over depression
-blame others
-lego man: look on the bright side or read self help books
-admitting you have a shitty life and it is your fault
Morals vs ethics
-morals is a group expectation of what is right/wrong and ethics is your per
PHI2397D Midterm Exam
Feb 26th, 2015. 7PM 9PM
Prof. Jon C. Miller
Student Name: _ Student # _
Exam Instructions:
1. You have 2 hours to write the exam.
2. The exam should be written in blue or black pen. Any exam written in pencil will not be
remarked.
3.
PHI2397D Midterm Exam
Feb 26th, 2015. 7PM 9PM
Prof. Jon C. Miller
Student Name: _ Student # _
Exam Instructions:
1. You have 2 hours to write the exam.
2. The exam should be written in blue or black pen. Any exam written in pencil will not be
remarked.
3.
PHI2397D Midterm Exam
Feb 26th, 2015. 7PM 9PM
Prof. Jon C. Miller
Student Name: _ Student # _
Exam Instructions:
1. You have 2 hours to write the exam.
2. The exam should be written in blue or black pen. Any exam written in pencil will not be
remarked.
3.
PHI2397D Midterm Exam
Feb 26th, 2015. 7PM 9PM
Prof. Jon C. Miller
Student Name: _ Student # _
Exam Instructions:
1. You have 2 hours to write the exam.
2. The exam should be written in blue or black pen. Any exam written in pencil will not be
remarked.
3.