Lecture 2 4/15/12
Pre sociological Influences
Platos Six Basic Assumptions of Society
Man is an organism
organisms tend toward survival
man survives in groups
man is a social animal
man lives in an ordered society
the order of society is knowabl
1. What are the definitions and differences of mala in se and mala prohibita?
Give specific/detailed examples (create a scenario) of each types of these
The legal term mala in se translates into a wrong in itself, which refers to
specific crimes t
1. Identify the positive and negative components of the three major eras of
American policing: political, professional, and community.
There are many positive and negative components of the three major eras of
American policing. Firstly, an advantage duri
1. Of the four basic goals and models for sentencing (retribution, deterrence,
incapacitation, and rehabilitation), which do you believe best reflects society's
expectations for justice today and why?
Of the four basic goals and models for sentencing, I b
According to Chapter One in your text, define and describe the terms Police Power,
Stare Decisis, Substantive Law, Adjective (Procedural) Law, Criminal Law, Civil
Law, Preemption, and Ex Post Facto Laws.
Police Power is the states job and task to enforce
1. What is the purpose of the Exclusionary Rule? What are the positive and
negative effects of the Exclusionary Rule? Does this seem like a reasonable
rule for law enforcement?
The purpose of the Exclusionary Rule is to protect a citizens Fourth
1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a formal written
system of laws, as opposed to relying on unwritten social and cultural norms?
There are many advantages and disadvantages of having a formal written
system of laws. For example, the U
1. How do "supermax" prisons differ from maximum security prisons? What
type of inmates are typically housed in a "supermax" facility? Does the
treatment of these inmates constitute "cruel and unusual" punishment?
Supermax prisons heavily differ from maxi
1. Considering each of the major forms of crime measurement, the Uniform
Crime Report (UCR), The National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS),
and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which source seems to
have the most use for the criminal
1. Are persons suffering from mental illness and the homeless really issues for
law enforcement to deal with, or should social service agencies assume a
larger role in dealing with these populations?
I believe that social service agencies should assume a
1. Of the rights granted to criminal defendants by the Sixth, Eighth, and
Fourteenth Amendments, which do you feel is/are the most important and
Of the rights granted to criminal defendants by the Sixth, Eighth, and
Fourteenth Amendments, I believe t
1. Why is it important to understand the impact of victim blaming in
victimology and victim services?
It is very important to understand the impact of victim blaming in
victimology and victim services because victims are usually not to blame for the
1. What is the attorney-client privilege? What type of communications are
protected by attorney-client privilege? Are there exceptions to this privilege?
The attorney-client privilege is the right of a person to disallow the U.S.
Government from questioni
1. What are the pros and cons of private prisons? What are some of the
concerns regarding private prisons? What factor or factors are behind the
growth of this industry?
There are many pros and cons of private prisons, which also come with
1. Relating to the causation of crime (early schools of thought), which of the
theories presented do you believe to be the most sound? What are the reasons
you have for supporting this theory?
Out of the theories presented in the early schools of thought,
1. My name is Ryan Shields and I am currently a sophomore at the University
of California, Berkeley. At Berkeley, each student that is in the College of Letters and
Science has to fulfill a seven-breadth course requirement throughout their time as a
1. What are the similarities and differences between probation and parole?
What role should the parole officer take in the reintegration of offenders?
There are many similarities and differences between probation and parole.
For example, a difference is t
According to Chapter Two in the text, ballot measure Proposition 47 is an initiative
that reduces the penalty for some crimes that are deemed non-serious or nonviolent. Some non-violent crimes were originally classified as felonies, however,