Zelman v. Simmons-Harris
536 U.S. 639 (2002)
Docket Number: 00-1751 Abstract Decided: June 27, 2002 Argued: February 20, 2002
First Amendment: Parochiaid
Facts of the Case
Ohio's Pilot Project Scholarship Program provides tuition aid in the form
1. Demonstrates THOROUGH UNDERSTANDING of the most significant aspects of the materials
2. Answers ALL PARTS of the question 3. Provides STRONG EXPLANATION that is well-supported by evidence 4. Demonstrates
of the s
Unit III Sample Questions
1. 0Interest groups an political parties are similar in all of the following EXCEPT: a0. Both run candidates for elected office. b0. Both raise large amounts of money for advertising. c0. Both try to convince the electorate of th
Unit II Sample Questions
1. 0The principal reason that Republicans win a good number of national elections is that a0. eligible voters who are Democrats tend to vote in fewer numbers than do Republicans b0. working class voters are most likely to split ti
Unit I Constitutional Underpinnings
1. 0All of the following statements support the pluralist view of American politics EXCEPT:
a0. No elites exist in a modern representative democracy. b0. Many groups compete for control of public policy, with no one gro
United States v. Lopez
514 U.S. 549 (1995)
Docket Number: 93-1260 Abstract Argued: November 8, 1994 Decided: April 26, 1995
Economic Activity: Misc. Economic Regulation
Facts of the Case
Alfonzo Lopez, a 12th grade high school student, carried a
The Power of the President Versus Other Institutions Two models of executive leadership exist in representative democracies, prime ministers and presidents. A prime minister is chosen not by the voters, but by members of Parliament. In Brit
THE POWER ELITE
H. T. Reynolds, Ph. D. 1996. email - firstname.lastname@example.org Reprinted with permission Thomas Dye, a political scientist, and his students have been studying the upper echelons of leadership in America since 1972. These "top positions" encompassed th
The History and Structure of the American News Media: Changes in the organization and technology of the press have brought major changes in the organization of American politics. In the era of the party press in the early years of the Republic,
The History of the Federal Judiciary The power of the Supreme Court evolved slowly. In the first three years of the nation's existence, the justices did not hear any cases at all. The Supreme Court's immediate priority was to establish its i
The Size and Power of the Bureaucracy A bureaucracy is a large organization composed of appointed officials in which authority is divided among several managers. Bureaucracy is an obvious feature of all modern societies, but American gover
*acid rain Rain, snow, or dust particles containing sulfuric (or nitric) acid which fall onto land. One source is from burning fuel, especially coal, with a high-sulfur content. The problem is most critical
Foreign and Military Policy
*anti-appeasement The worldview adopted by elites in the United States after the failure to avoid conflict with Adolf Hitler by granting ever-greater territorial concessions. This view, which supports
*affirmative action Programs attempting to compensate for past discrimination by giving preference to minorities and women in areas like hiring and promotion. The Supreme Court has announced a complex set of standar
*clear and present danger test A legal interpretation that reconciled two views of the First Amendment right of free speech, the first that Congress could not pass any law to restrict speech and the second that i
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) A component of the original Social Security Act which provided financial assistance to families with children.
Part of the plan that emerged from
*budget A document that announces how much the government will collect in taxes and spend in revenues and how those expenditures will be allocated among various programs.
A situation in which the
The Policy-Making Process
*benefit Any satisfaction, monetary or nonmonetary, that people will enjoy if a policy is adopted.
Any concerted effort to get people to stop buying goods and services from a merchant or farmer
*activist approach An approach to judicial review which holds that judges should discover the general principles underlying the Constitution and its often vague language and apply them to cases.
Administrative Procedure Act A law passed in 1946 requiring federal agencies to give notice, solicit comments, and (sometimes) hold public hearings before adopting any new rules.
*ad hoc structure A method in which the president organizes the White House staff by employing task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends. All have direct access to the president.
Budget Reform Act of
attitudinal view of representation The theory of congressional voting behavior which assumes that members vote on the basis of their own beliefs.
A legislative assembly composed of two separate ho
*adversarial press The suspicious attitude of the national press toward public officials.
The current era of media coverage that seizes upon any bit of information or rumor that might call into questi
*cue (political) A signal, frequently provided by interest groups, that tells a politician what values are at stake in an issue and how that issue fits into his or her own set of political beliefs.
Elections and Campaigns
*blanket primary A variant of the open primary in which the voter receives a ballot that lists the candidates for nomination of all the parties, enabling the voter to vote for candidates of different parti
*caucus An alternative to a state primary in which party followers meet, often for many hours, to select party candidates.
*congressional campaign committee
Separate committees in Congress for each political par
*activist An individual who actively promotes a political party, philosophy, or issue he and/or she cares personally about.
An election ballot of uniform size printed by the government a
*conservative A political ideology that, although changing in meaning, adheres to the following principles and practices: on economic matters, it does not favor government efforts to ensure that everyone has a job;
American Political Culture
Americanism A belief that Americans consider themselves bound by common values and common hopes.
A belief that one can affect government policies.
The belief that citizens