TOPIC 7 : RESISTANCE
BY : NUR
ORIGIN AND SPREAD OF
Res ist an ce g en es c an be c h ro m o so m a l o r o n pla s m id s
- C an exi st t o sepa r a t e fro m ch ro m o so m e o r in t egr a t
FAMILY : Reoviridae
SUBFAMILY : Spinareovirinae
GENUS : Orthoreovirus
SPECIES : Mammalian
FAMILY : Birnaviridae
SUBFAMILY : GENUS : Aqua
FAMILY : Parvoviridae
SUBFAMILY : Parvovirinae
GENUS : Parvovirus
SPECIES : Latent rat virus
FAMILY : Papovaviridae
SUBFAMILY : GENUS :
Origin and spread of antibiotics resistance
1. The main origin of antibiotic resistance, also
called antimicrobial resistance. Antimicrobial
resistance is thus an ancient phenomenon
encoded on resistance genes passed down
through microbial lineages.
WHO IS THE MOST VULNERABLE
TO FOODBORNE ILLNESS?
Young children (infants and school-aged)
Older adults (elderly)
Individuals with compromised immune systems (pregnant,
CAUSES OF FOODBORNE ILLNESS:
TOPICS : Why smoking rates aren't falling around the world
1. Governments aren't doing enough
The best ways to stop people smoking are well known are publicise the health risks, raise
taxes, ban smoking indoors and advertising, and provide
Quantum tomography is applied on a source of systems, to determine what the
quantum state is of the output of that source and used for characterizing optical
signals, including measuring the signal gain and loss of optical devices.
Abbreviations used in this
FBI Foodborne Illness
N/V Nausea and Vomiting
S/S Signs and Symptoms
What is Foodborne Illness
illness caused by food.
May be caused by microorganisms
(bacteria, viruses, fungi, paras
Antibiotics are powerful medicines that fight
biotic living things
Alexander Fleming in 1928
He was an extremely messy
INTRODUCTION TO CHROMATOGRAPHIC
What is chromatography?
Chromatography is a powerful separation method that is
usually composed of mobile phase and a stationary phase.
This method is used to separate and identify the components
Ms. Indra., a 37-year-old mother to two
school-aged children, is admited due to
complains of severe diarrhea (10 to 15 stools
a day with blood and mucous intestinal
cramping and suffered from very high fever).
Non-lactose-fermenting colonies on EMB
Answer TRUE (T) for the correct answer and FALSE (F) for the wrong answer.
1) All the hyphae in a mycelium share the same cytoplasm.
2) Trichophyton rubrum causes athletes foot.
3) Recombination without sexual repro