CONCLUSION
The distribution of velocities in the approach flow as the smooth flow to and over the
weir has a significant effects on the discharge over the weir. The variation in the approach
velocity by the flow is caused by the kinetic energy correction

Sample Calculation
Average time = (72 + 68 + 67)s /3
= 69 s
Flowrate
Q = Volume(m3) / time taken
=0.003 m3 / 69 s
= 4.35 x 10-5 m3/s
Rectengular Weir
Where
4.35 x 10-5 m3/s = 2/3(Cd)(0.03m)(2(9.81 m/s2)0.5(0.01m)1.5
Cd = 0.491
V-notch weir
Average time =

Aim/Objective
To determine the 'Coefficient of Discharge' for each type of weir.
To determine the characteristic of each type of weir.
Theory
Rectangular Weir
RECTANGULAR NOTCH
The velocity through the rectangular notch
Theoretical discharge through eleme

ABSTARCT
The main objectives for this experiment are to determine the relationship between the
pressure and volume of air in ideal gas condition which is related with Boyles Law experiment,
relationship between pressure and the temperature of ideal gas co

Recommendation
1.
Prevent damage to the knife edge of weir plate. A small head will be present due to
meniscus at the water which will result in a slight error.
2.
Make sure that the water level is stable to assure unchanging water velocity.
3.
The eye mu

3.0 AIM
Experiment 1
The objectives of this experiment is to determine the relationship between pressure and volume
of an ideal gas and to compare the experimental results with theoretical results.
Experiment 2
The objectives of this experiment is to dete

OBJECTIVE
1. To obtain the flow rate measurement by utilizing three basic types of flow measuring
techniques; rotameter, venture meter and orifice
2. To investigate the loss coefficient of fluid through 90 degree elbow
THEORY
Applications of the Bernoulli

1.0
SUMMARY
The lab practical is divided into seven different experiments which are to determine the
relationship between pressure and volume of an ideal gas, to demonstrate the isentropic
expansion process, to study the response of the pressurized vessel

Environmental Science
CET 413 Fluid Lab
Dr. David Washington
Associate Professor
FLUID LABORATORY
(WRITE UP)
Directions: The following formal lab write-up will be downloaded from the internet
and neatly typed for submission. Each group is responsible for

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA
BASIC PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORY
CGE 478
NAME
EXPERIMENT
DATE PERFORMED
SEMESTER
PROGRAMME
GROUP
NO
1.
: 1) SITI HUMAIRA NAQIAH BINTI AZMI
(2013644958)
2) NUR DIANA BINTI ZULKEFLI
(2013610396)
3)

ABSTRACT
Marcet Boiler is a bench top unit designed for the demonstration of the basic principal
of boiling phenomenon to study the relationship between the pressure and temperature of
saturated steam in equilibrium with water. This experiment was also co

1.0
SUMMARY
The lab practical is divided into seven different experiments which are to determine the
relationship between pressure and volume of an ideal gas, to demonstrate the isentropic
expansion process, to study the response of the pressurized vessel

Flow over Weirs
1.0
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES
2.0
General Start-up Procedures
1. Make sure the hydraulic bench pump is securely connected.
2. Ensure the collection tank drain valve is left OPEN to allow flow discharge back into sump
tank.
3. Set up the flow

Flow over Weirs
1.0
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES
2.0
General Start-up Procedures
1. Make sure the hydraulic bench pump is securely connected.
2. Ensure the collection tank drain valve is left OPEN to allow flow discharge back into sump
tank.
3. Set up the flow

7.1 Rectangular notch.
B = 30mm = 0.03m
1m3 = 1000L
Volume,
V (L)
3
Height, Time (s)
H (m)
T1
T2
0
0.0
0.0
T3
0.0
Average Flow Rate, Q
Time (s) (m3/s)
0.00
0.00
3
0.01
67.0
69.00
72.0
68.0
4.35 x 10-5
Log H
Log Q
Q2/3
Cd
H/B
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.000
-2.00
-4.

Pet E 367
Lab Report #1
Yield of Bentonite and Attapulgite Clays
Rheological Characterization of Water-Base Drilling Fluids
Experiment Date: January 31 2007
Prepared by: Jackie Chee (1103396)
Group #7
Beattie L.
Branch T.
Jackie Chee (1103396)
February 13

ABSTRACT
The purpose behind this experiment is to determine the discharge coefficients and
measure the water discharge of water discharged over the weir plate. As the water level is
slightly flow through the weir, the Vernier gauge set to the surface of t

ABSTRACT
The purpose behind this experiment is to determine the discharge coefficients and
measure the water discharge of water discharged over the weir plate. As the water level is
slightly flow through the weir, the Vernier gauge set to the surface of t

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this experiment is to determine the discharge coefficients and to study
the characteristic of the flow of water over a rectangular notch and a (V) notch. The rectangular
notch is installed and water is discharged over the weir plat

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA
THERMOFLUIDS LAB
(CGE 536)
NAME
: 1. MUHAMMAD HAFIZSZUL BIN AMIRUSHAM (2013474602)
2. NOR SYAMIMI BINTI MOHD ASYMAWI
(2013432044)
3. MUHAMMAD IZZAT BIN ABD RAWAIDA
(2013876478)
4. MUHAMAD NUR HAKIMI BIN

1.0 ABSTRACT
This experiment was carried out to study the free and force vortex. The objectives for free vortex
experiment are to study the relationship between surface profile and speed. Meanwhile, for the
experiment forced vortex the objectives are to f

1.0 ABSTRACT
Mixing is a common operation in the process industries and is generally performed by a rotating
impeller in a vessel. Products obtained from foo, petroleum, mining, pharmaceutical, pulp and
paper, and chemical industries would not be availabl

Exp. (6): Flow Over Weirs
Purpose:
o To demonstrate the characteristics of flow over weirs.
o To determine the 'Coefficient of Discharge' for each type of weir.
Introduction:
In open channel hydraulics, weirs are commonly used to either regulate or to
mea

Exp. (6): Flow Over Weirs
Purpose:
o To demonstrate the characteristics of flow over weirs.
o To determine the 'Coefficient of Discharge' for each type of weir.
Introduction:
In open channel hydraulics, weirs are commonly used to either regulate or to
mea

1.0 ABSTRACT
In the Fluid Friction Apparatus experiment we studied flow, flow measurement
techniques and losses in a wide variety of pipes and fittings. The experiment consisted in the
following: the relationship between the head loss due to fluid frictio

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA
FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 1
(CHE 465)
NAME
: CIK RUZAIMA BTE CHE RUSSLI
STUDENT NO.
EXPERIMENT
: 2007286952
:FLOWMETER DEMONSTRATION
DATE PERFORMED
:22 FEBRUARY 2008
PREPARED FOR
:CIK FAUZIAH
SEME

4.0 THEORY
4.1 Mechanism of Condensation
Condensation of a vapor to a liquid and vaporization of a liquid to a vapor both involve a change
of phase of a fluid with large heat-transfer coefficients. Condensation occurs when a saturated
vapor such as steam