Why do we have to eat?
Calories is a way to measure energy
Nutrient: chemical that your body must have, roughly 40 50 nutrients
Protein can be broken down to amino acid
We need calories and nutrient
What is food?
You can get energy and nutrients from
Define the terms nutrition, carbohydrates, proteins,
lipids, vitamins, minerals, water, and calories.
Use the physiological fuel values of energy-yielding
nutrients to determine the energy content in a food
Tools of a Healthy Diet
Discuss the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for
Americans and the diseases they are designed to
prevent or minimize.
Discuss the MyPlate food groupings and plan a
diet using this
Compare food security and food insecurity and identify
the factors that contribute to each.
Discuss the effects of hunger and malnutrition and their
impact on children.
Describe U.S. government programs designed to
Carbs basis of our diets, readily source of energy = 4 kcalories per gram
Refined, added sugars pg116
Whole wheat bread, fresh fruit, milk = unrefined or whole food sources
Whole grain, bran pg117
The bran layers contain the most fiber + good source of vi
Fats and oils provide kcalories per gram. The typical American diet = 33% of energy
comes from fat
High fat = increased risk of cancer & heart disease
High sat fats + cholesterol = increased risk of cancer & heart disease
Triglycerides, fatty a
Water found inside cells of the body is called
A. amniotic fluid
B. extracellular fluid
C. intracellular fluid
D. interstitial fluid
Osmosis requires all of the following except
Water helps t
1. Carotenoids with no vitamin A activity include all the following except:
2. Which statement about frozen food is incorrect?
The process of freezing vegetables can cause some nutrient losses.
1. The trace minerals are difficult to study because
some trace minerals are required in such small amounts that environmental
contamination can obscure experimental results.
they are so small, they are difficult to identify.
they are required in
When the vitamins lost in grain processing are restored, which is a nutrient
typically NOT added back?
C. pantothenic acid
Which of the following terms is used to describe how much of a vitamin is
absorbed and u
15% below- anorexic weight
Heidi Died at the age of 22- causes of death- eating disorder
ERIN (13 or 14 years old)- scared of being fat, had been starved for 3 month
almost died of malnutrition, being treated at a hospital for eating disorder
Nutrition: the science of food; the nutrients and the substances therein; their action, interaction,
and balance in relation to health and disease- A science that studies the interaction that occur
between living organism and food
Most B-vitamins function as: coenzymes
A painful, red, inflamed tongue is called; glossitis
Important contributors to niacin intake in the American diet are; poultry, meat, and fish
Thiamin, niacin, and riboflavin work together in important bi
Human Digestion and Absorption
Identify the key enzymes and hormones