December 12th 2014
Final Exam Study Guide
Human Chromosome number - In humans, each cell normally contains 23 pairs of
chromosomes, for a total of 46 in somatic in homologous pairs. Twenty-two of these pairs,
Tanner Santo, Lucas Montalvo, Dominic, Samuel Wilson
Chapter 6 Questions
1. What is a gene mutation and what does it affect?
- A gene mutation is a permanent change in the DNA sequence that makes up a gene. Mutations
CHAPTER 4 UNDERSTANDING PAST ENVIROMENTS FOCUS
EVOLUTIONARY OF AUSTRALIAN BIOTA
Explain the importance of the study of past
environments in predicting the impact of human activity
in present environments
The impact on the Australian environment of the fir
Name the male reproductive organ
What androgen does the testis secrete in males?
Name the gamete that the testis produce
What is the duct system made up of in the male testis
epididymis, vas deferens, ejaculatory duct &
extends and laterally rotates the neck and head, supplied by roots C3 and C4, arterial supply by
aorta by SVC
attaches at spinous processes of C7-T6 of the nuchae
looks as if it originates from the spinous
Describe the anatomical position
-palms facing forward
The antebrachial is the.
The antecubital is the.
inside of the elbow
The Axillary is the.
The Brachial is the.
The Buccal is the.
Cheek or cheeks muscle
Left ventricle is 120mmHg
Left atrium is 10mmHg
Which valve separates the areas of greatest pressure differences?
Posterior, anterior, medial(septal).
Their names reflect the leaflets anatomic relationships to the right ventricle. The medial(
The human body system that contians the heart, blood, and all of the blood vessels. It delivers all
the nutrients to the cells
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells.
Pathway of blood through the heart
1. Superior Vena Cava/ Inferior Vena Cava
2. Right Atrium
3. Tricuspid Valve
4. Right Ventricle
5. Pulmonary Semilunar Valve
6. Pulmonary Arteries
8. Pulmonary Veins
9. Left Atrium
10. Bicuspid Valve
11. Left Ve
below the thyroid, narrow/ anterior, broad posterior
butterfly shaped , thryoid notch is 90% for men creating adams apple and 120% for women
leaf like cartilage; close to protect t
Blood supply of all 3 branches to the stomach comes from where?
Which layer of the stomach is the biggest?
What are the layers of the stomach?
What are the key cells of the stomach? and chemicals they produ
Main cells types in fundus
Chief and Parietal cells
Main cell type in antrum
Mucus secreting cells
Acute Gastritis etiologies
1. early H. pylori infection
2. NSAIDS leading to erosive gastritis
Chronic Gastritis etiologies
1. H. pylori infectio
Absorbance Spectrum of Hemoglobin:
Hypothesis: The three types of hemoglobin (deoxy-, oxy-, and methemoglobin),
will produce different absorbance spectrums.
Lophotrochozoan: sister to ecdysozoans. Lophophorates and trochophorates- have
lophophore or trochophore larva. Lophotrochozoans include platyhelmenthes, rotifers,
ectoprocta, brachiopoda, mollusca, annelida, nemertea.
Trochophore: larva of t
The Transport of Amino Acids into Cells
Hypothesis: When centrifuging a solution with glucose, glutamic acid, yeast, and
ninhydrin, it is expected that the amino acid will be transported into the yeast cells as
time passes, therefore decreasing the absorb
Temperature Optimum of Salivary Amylase:
Hypothesis: Salivary amylase will work best at a temperature close to 37C (body
temperature) since it works in the mouth: above this temperature, the protein will become
denatured and work less effectively, and bel
Liquid Handling and Intro to Spectrophotometry
Hypothesis: In performing a serial dilution of riboflavin, it is expected that as the
concentration of riboflavin decreases, so does the absorbance, because a more
concentrated riboflavin solution will absorb
Analysis of DNA Structure Using Restriction Enzymes
Hypothesis: The gel electrophoresis for human and specific bacterial DNA will differ
because the simplicity of the bacteria as compared to a human. The visualized gel will
appear as smears in human DNA,
Lac Operon AP Biology PhET Simulation
The goal of this simulation is to help you understand how prokaryotes (note that this is for prokaryotes and NOT
eukaryotes) control gene expression. Specifically, this activity will simulate an inducible oper
Pre-Lab Enzyme Catalysis
1) The pre-lab assignment will count for 20 points of the overall lab grade.
2) Pre-lab assignments are due at the beginning of class on the day of the lab. Please place
your prelab inside of
A cancer cell (mauve) undergoing
apoptosis (cell suicide) under attack
by an immune cell (orange) (SEM)
THE STUDY OF TISSUES
3.1 The Study of Tissues 53
The Primary Tissue Classes 53
Interpreting Tissue Sections 53
Spinal Cord REVIEW
Polysynaptic reflexes can produce more complicated responses than can monosynaptic reflexes because?
many interneurons involved can control several muscle groups
the response time is quicker
the response is initiate
Module 1 Anatomy of the Respiratory System
Which of the following conditions might make a patient susceptible to ARDS
3. Drug overdose
4. Guillain-Barre 5. Allergic reaction
NIH ARDS clinical network, inclusion criteria for AR
Chapter 7 - The Skeleton
The skeletal system is composed of what?
bones, cartilages, joints, ligaments
What are the major parts of the skeletal system?
How many bones are in the axial skeleton?
What are the major regions
1. All of the following statements about the axon shaft are true EXCEPT:
A. axonal diameter is inversely proportional to conduction velocity
B. ion channels are clustered at nodes of Ranvier
C. it contains parallel arrays of neurofilaments and microtubule
What do ligaments do?
attach bone to bone
What connects adjacent vertebrae?
What type of ligaments go from the neck to sacrum?
anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments
Which type of ligaments connect each vertebra to
A&P Review Questions 13
What is the normal pH range of blood?
Leukocytes and platelets comprise what percentage of whole blood?
Which ABO blood group is known as the "universal donor"?
What are the regulatory function of blood?